Patterns of Cardiometabolic Health as Midlife Women Transition to Menopause

A Prospective Multiethnic Study

Elizabeth Ward, Ellen B Gold, Wesley O. Johnson, Feihong Ding, Po Yin Chang, Paula Song, Samar R. El Khoudary, Carrie Karvonen-Gutierrez, Kelly R. Ylitalo, Jennifer S. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

CONTEXT: Cardiometabolic conditions increase in midlife, but early customized prevention strategies are not established for such women. OBJECTIVE: To characterize and identify factors longitudinally related to constellations of cardiometabolic risk components in multiracial/ethnic women in midlife. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective, longitudinal, multiethnic cohort study of 3003 midlife women undergoing menopausal transition (MT). Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was defined as having at least three of five components: high fasting triglyceride (hTG) level, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (lHDL-C) level, high fasting plasma glucose (hGluc) level, large waist circumference (abdominal obesity; Ob), and hypertension (HTN). We described the patterns of constellations and estimated hazard ratios (HRs) for constellations at (i) incident MetS and (ii) recovery from MetS, using multivariable-adjusted Cox regression. SETTING: Seven US sites. PARTICIPANTS: In all, 1412 non-Hispanic white, 851 black, 272 Japanese, 237 Hispanic, and 231 Chinese women. EXPOSURES: Race/ethnicity, lifestyle factors, and MT stage. MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES: Cardiometabolic constellations, incident MetS, and MetS recovery. RESULTS: Central obesity was the most frequent component. Having no components was the most frequent (31%) baseline constellation. Physical activity (HR = 1.68; 95% CI: 1.06, 2.68) and lower caloric intake (HR = 0.96; 95% CI: 0.93, 0.99 per 100 cal/d) were associated with recovery from MetS. Ob/hTG/lHDL-C (18%), Ob/HTN/lHDL-C (16%), and Ob/HTN/hGluc (14%) were frequent incident constellations. Physically active women had 26% to 62% lower hazards of incident MetS than inactive women. CONCLUSIONS: Modifiable lifestyle behaviors were related to recovery from MetS and decreased risk of the most frequent MetS constellations in midlife women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1404-1412
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
Volume104
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

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Menopause
Hazards
Health
Prospective Studies
HDL Cholesterol
Recovery
Triglycerides
LDL Cholesterol
Fasting
Abdominal Obesity
Hypertension
Life Style
Plasmas
Glucose
Waist Circumference
Energy Intake
Hispanic Americans
Cohort Studies
Exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

Cite this

Patterns of Cardiometabolic Health as Midlife Women Transition to Menopause : A Prospective Multiethnic Study. / Ward, Elizabeth; Gold, Ellen B; Johnson, Wesley O.; Ding, Feihong; Chang, Po Yin; Song, Paula; El Khoudary, Samar R.; Karvonen-Gutierrez, Carrie; Ylitalo, Kelly R.; Lee, Jennifer S.

In: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, Vol. 104, No. 5, 01.05.2019, p. 1404-1412.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ward, E, Gold, EB, Johnson, WO, Ding, F, Chang, PY, Song, P, El Khoudary, SR, Karvonen-Gutierrez, C, Ylitalo, KR & Lee, JS 2019, 'Patterns of Cardiometabolic Health as Midlife Women Transition to Menopause: A Prospective Multiethnic Study', The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, vol. 104, no. 5, pp. 1404-1412. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2018-00941
Ward, Elizabeth ; Gold, Ellen B ; Johnson, Wesley O. ; Ding, Feihong ; Chang, Po Yin ; Song, Paula ; El Khoudary, Samar R. ; Karvonen-Gutierrez, Carrie ; Ylitalo, Kelly R. ; Lee, Jennifer S. / Patterns of Cardiometabolic Health as Midlife Women Transition to Menopause : A Prospective Multiethnic Study. In: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. 2019 ; Vol. 104, No. 5. pp. 1404-1412.
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abstract = "CONTEXT: Cardiometabolic conditions increase in midlife, but early customized prevention strategies are not established for such women. OBJECTIVE: To characterize and identify factors longitudinally related to constellations of cardiometabolic risk components in multiracial/ethnic women in midlife. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective, longitudinal, multiethnic cohort study of 3003 midlife women undergoing menopausal transition (MT). Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was defined as having at least three of five components: high fasting triglyceride (hTG) level, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (lHDL-C) level, high fasting plasma glucose (hGluc) level, large waist circumference (abdominal obesity; Ob), and hypertension (HTN). We described the patterns of constellations and estimated hazard ratios (HRs) for constellations at (i) incident MetS and (ii) recovery from MetS, using multivariable-adjusted Cox regression. SETTING: Seven US sites. PARTICIPANTS: In all, 1412 non-Hispanic white, 851 black, 272 Japanese, 237 Hispanic, and 231 Chinese women. EXPOSURES: Race/ethnicity, lifestyle factors, and MT stage. MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES: Cardiometabolic constellations, incident MetS, and MetS recovery. RESULTS: Central obesity was the most frequent component. Having no components was the most frequent (31{\%}) baseline constellation. Physical activity (HR = 1.68; 95{\%} CI: 1.06, 2.68) and lower caloric intake (HR = 0.96; 95{\%} CI: 0.93, 0.99 per 100 cal/d) were associated with recovery from MetS. Ob/hTG/lHDL-C (18{\%}), Ob/HTN/lHDL-C (16{\%}), and Ob/HTN/hGluc (14{\%}) were frequent incident constellations. Physically active women had 26{\%} to 62{\%} lower hazards of incident MetS than inactive women. CONCLUSIONS: Modifiable lifestyle behaviors were related to recovery from MetS and decreased risk of the most frequent MetS constellations in midlife women.",
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AU - Chang, Po Yin

AU - Song, Paula

AU - El Khoudary, Samar R.

AU - Karvonen-Gutierrez, Carrie

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N2 - CONTEXT: Cardiometabolic conditions increase in midlife, but early customized prevention strategies are not established for such women. OBJECTIVE: To characterize and identify factors longitudinally related to constellations of cardiometabolic risk components in multiracial/ethnic women in midlife. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective, longitudinal, multiethnic cohort study of 3003 midlife women undergoing menopausal transition (MT). Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was defined as having at least three of five components: high fasting triglyceride (hTG) level, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (lHDL-C) level, high fasting plasma glucose (hGluc) level, large waist circumference (abdominal obesity; Ob), and hypertension (HTN). We described the patterns of constellations and estimated hazard ratios (HRs) for constellations at (i) incident MetS and (ii) recovery from MetS, using multivariable-adjusted Cox regression. SETTING: Seven US sites. PARTICIPANTS: In all, 1412 non-Hispanic white, 851 black, 272 Japanese, 237 Hispanic, and 231 Chinese women. EXPOSURES: Race/ethnicity, lifestyle factors, and MT stage. MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES: Cardiometabolic constellations, incident MetS, and MetS recovery. RESULTS: Central obesity was the most frequent component. Having no components was the most frequent (31%) baseline constellation. Physical activity (HR = 1.68; 95% CI: 1.06, 2.68) and lower caloric intake (HR = 0.96; 95% CI: 0.93, 0.99 per 100 cal/d) were associated with recovery from MetS. Ob/hTG/lHDL-C (18%), Ob/HTN/lHDL-C (16%), and Ob/HTN/hGluc (14%) were frequent incident constellations. Physically active women had 26% to 62% lower hazards of incident MetS than inactive women. CONCLUSIONS: Modifiable lifestyle behaviors were related to recovery from MetS and decreased risk of the most frequent MetS constellations in midlife women.

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