Although morbidity associated with thoracoscopic port placement is less frequently reported compared with laparoscopic port placement, poor technique during establishment of thoracic access for minimally invasive procedures can have serious consequences. Most commonly, thoracoscopic access is established either from a subxiphoid or intercostal approach using either an open or optical approach. Instrument ports are always placed under direct visualization to avoid morbidity. The most common complications associated with thoracoscopic access are intercostal vessel hemorrhage and lung laceration, although both are uncommon. Postoperative complications can include seroma formation or infection.
- Minimally invasive surgery
- Veress needle
- Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery
ASJC Scopus subject areas