Pathways from neighborhood poverty to depression among older adults

Spruha Joshi, Stephen J. Mooney, Andrew G. Rundle, James W. Quinn, John R. Beard, Magdalena Cerda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pathways through which neighborhood poverty can affect resident depression are still unknown. We investigated mechanisms through which neighborhood poverty may influence depression among older adults. Participants were drawn from the New York City Neighborhood and Mental Health in the Elderly Study II, a 3-wave study of adults aged 65–75 (n=3,497) at baseline. Neighborhood poverty and homicide were associated with depressive symptoms at follow-up waves (RR:1.20, 95%CI: 1.05, 1.36; RR: 1.09, 95%CI: 1.02, 1.17, respectively). Homicide accounted for 30% of the effect of neighborhood poverty on depressive symptoms. Neighborhood exposure to violence may be a key mechanism through which neighborhood poverty influences depression among older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-143
Number of pages6
JournalHealth and Place
Volume43
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Crime
  • Depression
  • Neighborhood poverty
  • Older adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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