Pathologic studies of acute rejection of mismatched feline musculocutaneous flaps: Effect of cyclosporine and prednisolone

Clare R. Gregory, Ira M. Gourley, Helena Ferreira, Peter F Moore, Karen A. Imondi, John D. Patz, Teri A. Gregory, Niels C Pedersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The gracilis musculocutaneous flap was developed as an allograft model to study acute rejection and immunosuppression in the cat. Twelve adult cats received a MLC incompatible flap. Six of the cats received cyclosporine oral solution and prednisolone (0.5 mg/kg/24 hr) for 100 days and six cats were not treated. Trough whole-blood levels of cyclosporine in the treatment group were maintained at approximately 750 ng/ml for 70 days, then 500 ng/ml for the remaining 30 days. Three flaps failed due to technical problems; 5 flaps were studied in the treatment group and 4 in the untreated group. All 5 flaps in the treatment group survived the 100 day treatment period and were rejected 30±26 days following cessation of treatment. Prior to discontinuation of treatment, with the exception of one cat, inflammatory changes associated with rejection were not observed in biopsy specimen. The flaps in the untreated group survived 13±1.5 days. Histopathologic examination of the flaps revealed little difference in the appearance of acute rejection and rejection after cessation of therapy. The most prominent lesion was a vasculitis with extensive perivascular lymphohistocytic inflammation. The lymphoid infiltrates consisted predominantly of T cells of both major classes (CD4 and CD8). Full-thickness epidermal necrosis and subsequent bacterial invasion followed vascular compromise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1170-1175
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation
Volume51
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Immunology

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    Gregory, C. R., Gourley, I. M., Ferreira, H., Moore, P. F., Imondi, K. A., Patz, J. D., Gregory, T. A., & Pedersen, N. C. (1991). Pathologic studies of acute rejection of mismatched feline musculocutaneous flaps: Effect of cyclosporine and prednisolone. Transplantation, 51(6), 1170-1175.