Pathologic and parasitologic findings of cold-stunned kemp's ridley sea turtles (lepidochelys kempii) stranded on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2001-2006

Charles Lnnis, Carol A Nyaoke, C. Rogers Williams, Bridget Dunnigan, Constance Merigo, Denise L. Woodward, E. Scott Weber, Salvatore Frasca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Necropsy reports for 28 stranded, cold-stunned Kemp's ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) that died between 2001 and 2006 were reviewed retrospectively. Gross and microscopic lesions were compiled to describe the pathologic and parasitologic findings in turtles that were found freshly dead on the beach or that died within 48 hr of stranding. Anatomic lesions of varying severity were identified in each of the examined turtles and were identified in tissues of the alimentary, respiratory, integumentary, nervous and sensory, and urogenital systems in order of decreasing frequency. Necrotizing enterocolitis and bacterial or fungal pneumonia were the most frequently encountered lesions that were considered clinically significant. Parasites and parasitic lesions were identified primarily in tissues of the alimentary system and included intestinal cestodiasis and parasitic granulomas containing larval cestodes or nematodes. Postlarval cestodes were also found in the coelom of two turtles. In many cases, the extent and severity of lesions were judged to be insufficient to have solely caused mortality, suggesting that additional factors such as metabolic, respiratory, and electrolyte derangements; hypothermia; and drowning may be important proximate causes of death in cold-stunned turtles. Results of this study provide insight into pathologic conditions that may be of clinical relevance to rehabilitation efforts for coldstunned sea turtles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)594-610
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Volume45
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

sea turtles
turtle
lesions (animal)
lesion
turtles
Cestoda
enterocolitis
hypothermia
granuloma
stranding
pneumonia
cause of death
electrolytes
beaches
necropsy
electrolyte
nematode
Nematoda
Lepidochelys kempii
sea

Keywords

  • Cold-stunned
  • Kemp's ridley
  • Lepidochelys kernpii
  • Parasitology
  • Pathology
  • Sea turtle
  • Stranding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Cite this

Pathologic and parasitologic findings of cold-stunned kemp's ridley sea turtles (lepidochelys kempii) stranded on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2001-2006. / Lnnis, Charles; Nyaoke, Carol A; Rogers Williams, C.; Dunnigan, Bridget; Merigo, Constance; Woodward, Denise L.; Scott Weber, E.; Frasca, Salvatore.

In: Journal of Wildlife Diseases, Vol. 45, No. 3, 07.2009, p. 594-610.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lnnis, C, Nyaoke, CA, Rogers Williams, C, Dunnigan, B, Merigo, C, Woodward, DL, Scott Weber, E & Frasca, S 2009, 'Pathologic and parasitologic findings of cold-stunned kemp's ridley sea turtles (lepidochelys kempii) stranded on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2001-2006', Journal of Wildlife Diseases, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 594-610.
Lnnis, Charles ; Nyaoke, Carol A ; Rogers Williams, C. ; Dunnigan, Bridget ; Merigo, Constance ; Woodward, Denise L. ; Scott Weber, E. ; Frasca, Salvatore. / Pathologic and parasitologic findings of cold-stunned kemp's ridley sea turtles (lepidochelys kempii) stranded on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2001-2006. In: Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2009 ; Vol. 45, No. 3. pp. 594-610.
@article{a2bd667c41664b88ae837b33c07ccbd4,
title = "Pathologic and parasitologic findings of cold-stunned kemp's ridley sea turtles (lepidochelys kempii) stranded on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2001-2006",
abstract = "Necropsy reports for 28 stranded, cold-stunned Kemp's ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) that died between 2001 and 2006 were reviewed retrospectively. Gross and microscopic lesions were compiled to describe the pathologic and parasitologic findings in turtles that were found freshly dead on the beach or that died within 48 hr of stranding. Anatomic lesions of varying severity were identified in each of the examined turtles and were identified in tissues of the alimentary, respiratory, integumentary, nervous and sensory, and urogenital systems in order of decreasing frequency. Necrotizing enterocolitis and bacterial or fungal pneumonia were the most frequently encountered lesions that were considered clinically significant. Parasites and parasitic lesions were identified primarily in tissues of the alimentary system and included intestinal cestodiasis and parasitic granulomas containing larval cestodes or nematodes. Postlarval cestodes were also found in the coelom of two turtles. In many cases, the extent and severity of lesions were judged to be insufficient to have solely caused mortality, suggesting that additional factors such as metabolic, respiratory, and electrolyte derangements; hypothermia; and drowning may be important proximate causes of death in cold-stunned turtles. Results of this study provide insight into pathologic conditions that may be of clinical relevance to rehabilitation efforts for coldstunned sea turtles.",
keywords = "Cold-stunned, Kemp's ridley, Lepidochelys kernpii, Parasitology, Pathology, Sea turtle, Stranding",
author = "Charles Lnnis and Nyaoke, {Carol A} and {Rogers Williams}, C. and Bridget Dunnigan and Constance Merigo and Woodward, {Denise L.} and {Scott Weber}, E. and Salvatore Frasca",
year = "2009",
month = "7",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "45",
pages = "594--610",
journal = "Journal of Wildlife Diseases",
issn = "0090-3558",
publisher = "Wildlife Disease Association, Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pathologic and parasitologic findings of cold-stunned kemp's ridley sea turtles (lepidochelys kempii) stranded on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2001-2006

AU - Lnnis, Charles

AU - Nyaoke, Carol A

AU - Rogers Williams, C.

AU - Dunnigan, Bridget

AU - Merigo, Constance

AU - Woodward, Denise L.

AU - Scott Weber, E.

AU - Frasca, Salvatore

PY - 2009/7

Y1 - 2009/7

N2 - Necropsy reports for 28 stranded, cold-stunned Kemp's ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) that died between 2001 and 2006 were reviewed retrospectively. Gross and microscopic lesions were compiled to describe the pathologic and parasitologic findings in turtles that were found freshly dead on the beach or that died within 48 hr of stranding. Anatomic lesions of varying severity were identified in each of the examined turtles and were identified in tissues of the alimentary, respiratory, integumentary, nervous and sensory, and urogenital systems in order of decreasing frequency. Necrotizing enterocolitis and bacterial or fungal pneumonia were the most frequently encountered lesions that were considered clinically significant. Parasites and parasitic lesions were identified primarily in tissues of the alimentary system and included intestinal cestodiasis and parasitic granulomas containing larval cestodes or nematodes. Postlarval cestodes were also found in the coelom of two turtles. In many cases, the extent and severity of lesions were judged to be insufficient to have solely caused mortality, suggesting that additional factors such as metabolic, respiratory, and electrolyte derangements; hypothermia; and drowning may be important proximate causes of death in cold-stunned turtles. Results of this study provide insight into pathologic conditions that may be of clinical relevance to rehabilitation efforts for coldstunned sea turtles.

AB - Necropsy reports for 28 stranded, cold-stunned Kemp's ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) that died between 2001 and 2006 were reviewed retrospectively. Gross and microscopic lesions were compiled to describe the pathologic and parasitologic findings in turtles that were found freshly dead on the beach or that died within 48 hr of stranding. Anatomic lesions of varying severity were identified in each of the examined turtles and were identified in tissues of the alimentary, respiratory, integumentary, nervous and sensory, and urogenital systems in order of decreasing frequency. Necrotizing enterocolitis and bacterial or fungal pneumonia were the most frequently encountered lesions that were considered clinically significant. Parasites and parasitic lesions were identified primarily in tissues of the alimentary system and included intestinal cestodiasis and parasitic granulomas containing larval cestodes or nematodes. Postlarval cestodes were also found in the coelom of two turtles. In many cases, the extent and severity of lesions were judged to be insufficient to have solely caused mortality, suggesting that additional factors such as metabolic, respiratory, and electrolyte derangements; hypothermia; and drowning may be important proximate causes of death in cold-stunned turtles. Results of this study provide insight into pathologic conditions that may be of clinical relevance to rehabilitation efforts for coldstunned sea turtles.

KW - Cold-stunned

KW - Kemp's ridley

KW - Lepidochelys kernpii

KW - Parasitology

KW - Pathology

KW - Sea turtle

KW - Stranding

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70349328068&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70349328068&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 19617470

AN - SCOPUS:70349328068

VL - 45

SP - 594

EP - 610

JO - Journal of Wildlife Diseases

JF - Journal of Wildlife Diseases

SN - 0090-3558

IS - 3

ER -