Ovine lentivirus (OvLV), as a member of the lentivirinae subfamily of Retroviridae, shares morphological, genomic, and cytopathic features with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Although OvLV infection does not induce profound immune deficiency in sheep, it has many similarities with HIV infection, such as the capacity to infect macrophages, undergo antigenic variation in vivo, and induce slow progressive diseases involving the pulmonary, lymphoid, and central nervous systems. Studies of the pathogenesis of disease in sheep naturally or experimentally infected by OvLV are providing clues to the pathogenesis of HIV infection, including the significance of viral load, the emergence of cytopathic variants, the mechanisms and significance of viral antigenic variation, and viral neutralization, and mechanisms of lymphoproliferation and tissue destruction induced by the virus. Preliminary evidence suggests that infection by other microbial agents, including Mycoplasma species, may play a cofactor role in the pathogenesis of lentivirus-associated lymphoid interstitial pneumonia in sheep, but further studies are required to address this issue.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Clinical Infectious Diseases|
|Issue number||SUPPL. 1|
|State||Published - 1993|
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