The addition of nitrate, EDTA and dithiothreitol to the enzyme extraction buffer resulted in improved stability of the assimilatory nitrate reductase activity from the food yeast Candida utilis at both 4 degrees C and -10 degrees C. By incorporating this critical step in the following sequence the yeast NAD(P)H: nitrate oxidoreductase (EC 220.127.116.11) was purified approximately 68-fold by protamine sulphate precipitation, calcium gel adsorption, ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration. Both NADPH-nitrate reductase and NADH-nitrate reductase activities remained in constant association and ratio (2:3) during the entire course of purification. The enzyme showed an absolute requirement of NADPH or NADH for its activity. Maximal enzyme activity was obtained with 10-120 micrograms protein in a 10 min assay at 30 degrees C at pH 6.5, with an apparent Michaelis constant of 0.69 mM for nitrate as substrate. The enzyme is a molybdoflavo-protein involving sulphydryl groups, and is highly sensitive to free reducing agents, heavy metal ions and electron-transfer inhibitors. The results also suggested possible involvement of a second metal ion, perhaps iron, which was hypothesized to participate in the electron transfer scheme catalysed by this enzyme.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|State||Published - 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)