Partial liquid ventilation influences pulmonary histopathology in an animal model of acute lung injury

Alexandre T. Rotta, Björn Gunnarsson, Lynn J. Hernan, Bradley P. Fuhrman, David M. Steinhorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of partial liquid ventilation (PLV) and conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) in the pattern of distribution of lung injury in a rabbit model of acute lung injury. Materials and Methods: Animals (1.5 to 3.5 kg) were assigned to receive CMV (tidal volume of 10 mL/kg and a PEEP of 5 cm H2O) or PLV with 18 mL/kg of intratracheal perflubron (tidal volume of 10 mL/kg and a PEEP of 5 cm H2O). Lung injury was elicited by intravenous administration of Escherichia coli endotoxin. Uninjured animals ventilated as the CMV group served as controls. After 4 hours of mechanical ventilation, the lungs were removed and tissue injury was assessed by light microscopy using a scoring system. Results: Animals in the CMV group had higher lung injury scores in comparison to the PLV group (10 ± 4.5 vs. 5 ± 3.3, respectively, P < .05). The injury scores were similar for nondependent lung regions (CMV: 8 ± 4.3, PLV: 6 ± 2.9) but significantly different for the dependent regions (CMV: 12 ± 4.6, PLV: 5 ± 3.8, P < .05). Conclusions: PLV is associated with significant attenuation of lung injury, in comparison to CMV. This effect is predominantly due to attenuation of injury in the dependent region of the lung.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-92
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Critical Care
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1999
Externally publishedYes

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Liquid Ventilation
Acute Lung Injury
Artificial Respiration
Animal Models
Lung
Lung Injury
Tidal Volume
Wounds and Injuries
Intravenous Administration
Microscopy
Rabbits
Light

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Partial liquid ventilation influences pulmonary histopathology in an animal model of acute lung injury. / Rotta, Alexandre T.; Gunnarsson, Björn; Hernan, Lynn J.; Fuhrman, Bradley P.; Steinhorn, David M.

In: Journal of Critical Care, Vol. 14, No. 2, 06.1999, p. 84-92.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rotta, Alexandre T. ; Gunnarsson, Björn ; Hernan, Lynn J. ; Fuhrman, Bradley P. ; Steinhorn, David M. / Partial liquid ventilation influences pulmonary histopathology in an animal model of acute lung injury. In: Journal of Critical Care. 1999 ; Vol. 14, No. 2. pp. 84-92.
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