Partial involvement of monoamines and opiates in the inhibition of rat spinal nociceptive neurons evoked by stimulation in midbrain periaqueductal gray or lateral reticular formation

Earl Carstens, E. S. Culhane, R. Banisadr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

In rats anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital, we tested the effects of systemic or intrathecal administration of the opiate antagonist naloxone, the serotonergic antagonist methysergide, or the adrenergic antagonist phentolamine, on inhibition produced by electrical stimulation in midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) or lateral reticular formation (LRF) of the responses of single lumbar dorsal horn neurons to noxious heating (50-54 °C, 10 s) of hindpaw skin. Systemically administered naloxone (1-10 mg/kg i.v.) reduced (>20% below predrug inhibition) inhibition from PAG and/or LRF in 5 12 units and had no effect in the remainder. Systemic methysergide (2-6 mg/kg i.v.) selectively reduced PAG-evoked inhibition in 6 units, while inhibitions from both PAG and LRF stimulation were reduced in one unit and unaffected in 8 units. Systemic phentolamine (2-4 mg/kg) reduced LRF-evoked inhibition in 4 units, while inhibitions from PAG and LRF were reduced in one unit and unaffected in 5. Intrathecally applied methysergide reduced or abolished PAG-evoked inhibition in 8 16 units and reduced or abolished LRF-evoked inhibition in 6 14 units. Reductions in the level of inhibition were reversible in one-half of the cases, whereas they persisted for over 2 h in the remainder. The mixed effects of both systemically and intrahecally administered drugs suggest that monoamines and opiates may be partly involved in spinal inhibitory mechanisms activated from the midbrain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-13
Number of pages7
JournalBrain Research
Volume522
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2 1990

Keywords

  • Descending inhibition
  • Dorsal horn neuron
  • Endogenous opiates
  • Midbrain periaqueductal gray
  • Monoamine (serotonin, noradrenaline)
  • Rat
  • Reticular formation
  • Spinal cord

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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