Parsing executive processes

Strategic vs. evaluative functions of the anterior cingulate cortex

Cameron S Carter, Angus M. Macdonald, Matthew Botvinick, Laura L. Ross, V. Andrew Stenger, Douglas Noll, Jonathan D. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

765 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Event-related functional MRI and a version of the Stroop color naming task were used to test two conflicting theories of anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) function during executive processes of cognition. A response-related increase in ACC activity was present when strategic processes were less engaged, and conflict high, but not when strategic processes were engaged and conflict reduced. This is inconsistent with the widely held view that the ACC implements strategic processes to reduce cognitive conflicts, such as response competition. Instead, it suggests that the ACC serves an evaluative function, detecting cognitive states such as response competition, which may lead to poor performance, and representing the knowledge that strategic processes need to be engaged.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1944-1948
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume97
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Gyrus Cinguli
Cognition
Executive Function
Color
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Conflict (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

Cite this

Parsing executive processes : Strategic vs. evaluative functions of the anterior cingulate cortex. / Carter, Cameron S; Macdonald, Angus M.; Botvinick, Matthew; Ross, Laura L.; Stenger, V. Andrew; Noll, Douglas; Cohen, Jonathan D.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 97, No. 4, 15.02.2000, p. 1944-1948.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carter, Cameron S ; Macdonald, Angus M. ; Botvinick, Matthew ; Ross, Laura L. ; Stenger, V. Andrew ; Noll, Douglas ; Cohen, Jonathan D. / Parsing executive processes : Strategic vs. evaluative functions of the anterior cingulate cortex. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2000 ; Vol. 97, No. 4. pp. 1944-1948.
@article{19935a54b5274ad9925a3332f209d3bd,
title = "Parsing executive processes: Strategic vs. evaluative functions of the anterior cingulate cortex",
abstract = "Event-related functional MRI and a version of the Stroop color naming task were used to test two conflicting theories of anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) function during executive processes of cognition. A response-related increase in ACC activity was present when strategic processes were less engaged, and conflict high, but not when strategic processes were engaged and conflict reduced. This is inconsistent with the widely held view that the ACC implements strategic processes to reduce cognitive conflicts, such as response competition. Instead, it suggests that the ACC serves an evaluative function, detecting cognitive states such as response competition, which may lead to poor performance, and representing the knowledge that strategic processes need to be engaged.",
author = "Carter, {Cameron S} and Macdonald, {Angus M.} and Matthew Botvinick and Ross, {Laura L.} and Stenger, {V. Andrew} and Douglas Noll and Cohen, {Jonathan D.}",
year = "2000",
month = "2",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.97.4.1944",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "97",
pages = "1944--1948",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Parsing executive processes

T2 - Strategic vs. evaluative functions of the anterior cingulate cortex

AU - Carter, Cameron S

AU - Macdonald, Angus M.

AU - Botvinick, Matthew

AU - Ross, Laura L.

AU - Stenger, V. Andrew

AU - Noll, Douglas

AU - Cohen, Jonathan D.

PY - 2000/2/15

Y1 - 2000/2/15

N2 - Event-related functional MRI and a version of the Stroop color naming task were used to test two conflicting theories of anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) function during executive processes of cognition. A response-related increase in ACC activity was present when strategic processes were less engaged, and conflict high, but not when strategic processes were engaged and conflict reduced. This is inconsistent with the widely held view that the ACC implements strategic processes to reduce cognitive conflicts, such as response competition. Instead, it suggests that the ACC serves an evaluative function, detecting cognitive states such as response competition, which may lead to poor performance, and representing the knowledge that strategic processes need to be engaged.

AB - Event-related functional MRI and a version of the Stroop color naming task were used to test two conflicting theories of anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) function during executive processes of cognition. A response-related increase in ACC activity was present when strategic processes were less engaged, and conflict high, but not when strategic processes were engaged and conflict reduced. This is inconsistent with the widely held view that the ACC implements strategic processes to reduce cognitive conflicts, such as response competition. Instead, it suggests that the ACC serves an evaluative function, detecting cognitive states such as response competition, which may lead to poor performance, and representing the knowledge that strategic processes need to be engaged.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034652146&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034652146&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.97.4.1944

DO - 10.1073/pnas.97.4.1944

M3 - Article

VL - 97

SP - 1944

EP - 1948

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 4

ER -