Parent-Child Interaction Therapy: Application to maltreating parent-child dyads

Susan Goff Timmer, Anthony J. Urquiza, Nancy M. Zebell, Jean M. McGrath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

114 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Parent-Child Interaction Training (PCIT), which uses a social learning framework, is a dyadic intervention that is designed to alter specific patterns of interaction found in parent-child relationships. Previous research suggests that maladaptive and high-risk characteristics found in maltreating parent-child dyads may be responsive to PCIT. The primary focus of this study is to examine the effectiveness of PCIT with maltreating parent-child dyads. Methodology: This study describes the effectiveness of PCIT with 136 biological parent-child dyads in which 66.9% (N = 91) of the children had been maltreated. Of the 91 maltreated children, 64.8% (N = 59) of the parents had maltreated their children, and were thus considered to be at high risk of repeating the abuse. Results: Primary outcomes of this study show the following: (1) a decrease in child behavior problems, (2) a decrease in parental stress, and (3) a decrease in abuse risk from pre- to post-treatment for dyads with and without a history of maltreatment. Conclusions: Our results add to the body of research supporting PCIT as a promising intervention and as a means to aid both children and parents in high-risk families for maltreatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)825-842
Number of pages18
JournalChild Abuse and Neglect
Volume29
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2005

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Therapeutics
Parents
Parent-Child Relations
Child Behavior
Research
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • Child maltreatment
  • Parent-Child interaction
  • Therapy
  • Treatment outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Parent-Child Interaction Therapy : Application to maltreating parent-child dyads. / Timmer, Susan Goff; Urquiza, Anthony J.; Zebell, Nancy M.; McGrath, Jean M.

In: Child Abuse and Neglect, Vol. 29, No. 7, 07.2005, p. 825-842.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Timmer, Susan Goff ; Urquiza, Anthony J. ; Zebell, Nancy M. ; McGrath, Jean M. / Parent-Child Interaction Therapy : Application to maltreating parent-child dyads. In: Child Abuse and Neglect. 2005 ; Vol. 29, No. 7. pp. 825-842.
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