Parelaphostrongylus tenuis-associated meningoencephalitis in a sika deer (Cervus nippon)

Richard W. Gerhold, Michael K Keel, Kim Arnold, Doug Hotton, Robert B. Beckstead

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An adult, female, free-ranging, sika deer (Cervus nippon yakushimae) from Wicomico County, Maryland, USA, was found circling and having no fear of humans. The animal was euthanized and submitted for a postmortem exam. There were no gross lesions and the deer was negative for rabies. Microscopic examination revealed lymphoplasmacytic, neutrophilic, and eosinophilic meningoencephalitis with intralesional adult nematodes, larvae, and eggs consistent with nematodes in the family Protostrongylidae. Parelaphostrongylus tenuis was identified by polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing. To our knowledge, this is the first report of P. tenuisassociated encephalitis in a sika deer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-290
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Volume46
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Parelaphostrongylus tenuis
Cervus nippon
meningoencephalitis
deer
nematode
Protostrongylidae
encephalitis
rabies
nematode larvae
fearfulness
lesion
lesions (animal)
polymerase chain reaction
sequence analysis
Nematoda
egg
larva
DNA
animal
animals

Keywords

  • Cervus nippon yakushimae
  • Parelaphostrongylus tenuis
  • Sika deer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Cite this

Gerhold, R. W., Keel, M. K., Arnold, K., Hotton, D., & Beckstead, R. B. (2010). Parelaphostrongylus tenuis-associated meningoencephalitis in a sika deer (Cervus nippon). Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 46(1), 287-290.

Parelaphostrongylus tenuis-associated meningoencephalitis in a sika deer (Cervus nippon). / Gerhold, Richard W.; Keel, Michael K; Arnold, Kim; Hotton, Doug; Beckstead, Robert B.

In: Journal of Wildlife Diseases, Vol. 46, No. 1, 01.2010, p. 287-290.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gerhold, RW, Keel, MK, Arnold, K, Hotton, D & Beckstead, RB 2010, 'Parelaphostrongylus tenuis-associated meningoencephalitis in a sika deer (Cervus nippon)', Journal of Wildlife Diseases, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 287-290.
Gerhold, Richard W. ; Keel, Michael K ; Arnold, Kim ; Hotton, Doug ; Beckstead, Robert B. / Parelaphostrongylus tenuis-associated meningoencephalitis in a sika deer (Cervus nippon). In: Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2010 ; Vol. 46, No. 1. pp. 287-290.
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