Parasitic central nervous system infections: Echinococcus and Schistosoma

Kiarash Shahlaie, Mark W. Hawk, Brian R. Hu, J. H. Theis, Kee D Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Central nervous system (CNS) manifestations of Echinococcus and Schistosoma infections occur throughout the world, with incidence increasing in developed regions. A detailed literature review generated a current summary on epidemiology, parasitology, pathology, clinical manifestations, imaging studies, diagnosis, and treatment of neuroechinococcosis and neuroschistosomiasis. Recent advancements have been made in diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of these parasitic CNS infections. Ongoing advancements in neuroimaging and diagnostic studies, as well as efforts to better understand the parasite genome and host-parasite relationships, will likely continue to improve patient management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-185
Number of pages10
JournalReviews in Neurological Diseases
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 2005


  • Central nervous system
  • Cerebral hydatid cyst
  • Echinococcosis
  • Parasite
  • Schistosomiasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology


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