Parallels between development of embryonic and matrix-induced endochondral bone

Jill L. Carrington, A Hari Reddi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Endochondral bone formation can take place in the embryo, during fracture healing, or in postnatal animals after induction by implanted demineralized bone matrix. This matrix-induced bone formation recapitulates the embryonic sequence of bone formation morphologically and biochemically. The steps in bone formation in both systems include differentiation of cartilage from mesenchyme, cartilage maturation, invasion of the cartilage by blood vessels and marrow precursors, and formation of bone and bone marrow. Recently, bone inductive molecules from demineralized bone matrix have been purified, sequenced and produced as recombinant proteins. While there are similarities between bone development in the embryo and that after induction by these purified molecules, the molecules responsible for bone induction in the embryo have not yet been defined. Because of similarities between the two methods of bone formation, studies of bone induction by demineralized bone matrix may help to elucidate mechanisms of embryonic bone induction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-408
Number of pages6
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Plant Science
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)


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