Pantothenic Acid

Joshua W. Miller, Robert B. Rucker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 Scopus citations


Identified almost 60 years ago, pantothenic acid is an essential vitamin, which serves as the metabolic precursor for coenzyme A. In the form of coenzyme A and as a component of acyl carrier protein, pantothenic acid is a participant in a myriad of metabolic reactions involving lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates. Though essential, pantothenic acid deficiency in humans is rare owing to its ubiquitous distribution in foods of both animal and plant origin. Pantothenic acid supplementation may have some efficacy, but further investigation into various health claims is necessary before any specific recommendations can be given.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPresent Knowledge in Nutrition: Tenth Edition
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9780470959176
StatePublished - Jun 18 2012


  • Cellular regulation and functions, and CoA, ACP synthesis
  • Chemical structures, pantothenic, pantoic acid and β-alanine
  • Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome, or pantothenate kinase-associated disease
  • Pantothenic acid
  • Pantothenic acid deficiency, and multiple nutrient deficiencies
  • Pantothenic acid to coenzyme A metabolic conversion
  • Pantothenic acid, as metabolic precursor for coenzyme A
  • Pantothenic acids in food, of CoA or 4'-phosphopantetheine
  • Physiological systems and CoA, ACP, and pantothenic acid deficiency
  • RDA, in CoA and ACP, pantothenic deficiency in humans, difficult to define

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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