Panobinostat Effectively Increases Histone Acetylation and Alters Chromatin Accessibility Landscape in Canine Embryonic Fibroblasts but Does Not Enhance Cellular Reprogramming

Maryam Moshref, Maria Questa, Veronica Lopez-Cervantes, Thomas K. Sears, Rachel L. Greathouse, Charles K. Crawford, Amir Kol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Robust and reproducible protocols to efficiently reprogram adult canine cells to induced pluripotent stem cells are still elusive. Somatic cell reprogramming requires global chromatin remodeling that is finely orchestrated spatially and temporally. Histone acetylation and deacetylation are key regulators of chromatin condensation, mediated by histone acetyltransferases and histone deacetylases (HDACs), respectively. HDAC inhibitors have been used to increase histone acetylation, chromatin accessibility, and somatic cell reprogramming in human and mice cells. We hypothesized that inhibition of HDACs in canine fibroblasts would increase their reprogramming efficiency by altering the epigenomic landscape and enabling greater chromatin accessibility. We report that a combined treatment of panobinostat (LBH589) and vitamin C effectively inhibits HDAC function and increases histone acetylation in canine embryonic fibroblasts in vitro, with no significant cytotoxic effects. We further determined the effect of this treatment on global chromatin accessibility via Assay for Transposase-Accessible Chromatin using sequencing. Finally, the treatment did not induce any significant increase in cellular reprogramming efficiency. Although our data demonstrate that the unique epigenetic landscape of canine cells does not make them amenable to cellular reprogramming through the proposed treatment, it provides a rationale for a targeted, canine-specific, reprogramming approach by enhancing the expression of transcription factors such as CEBP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number716570
JournalFrontiers in Veterinary Science
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 29 2021

Keywords

  • ATAC sequencing
  • canine iPSC
  • cellular reprogramming
  • embryonic fibroblasts
  • HDAC inhibitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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