Pancreatic hypersensitivity to glucose by young obese Zucker rats ( fa fa)

Amy Kuffert, Judith S. Stern, Donald L. Curry

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Abstract

Insulin secretory response to glucose was investigated in 5- to 6-week-old male Zucker obese ( fa fa) and lean ( Fa Fa) rats using a pancreatic perfusion procedure. Blood glucose response to fasting was studied in lean and obese animals over 24 hours. Plasma glucose was slightly elevated in pentobarbital-anesthetized obese rats. However, plasma insulin was 4.6 times greater than that of leans. A hypoglycemic glucose stimulus (75 mg/dL) caused pancreata from obese animals to release 6 times more insulin than lean animals. Stimuli of 125 mg/dL (normoglycemic) and 600 mg/dL (hyperglycemic) caused hypersecretion of 8 and 5 times, respectively. Hyersecretion was not accounted for solely by the twofold increase in pancreatic insulin content. Obese animals has steeper decreases in plasma glucose than lean controls during seven to 13 hours of fasting. Hypersecretion by pancreata from young obese rats to physiological levels of glucose may result in hyperphagia in order to maintain normoglycemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)952-957
Number of pages6
JournalMetabolism
Volume37
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1988

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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