Aniridia, an autosomal dominant ocular disorder characterized by iris hypoplasia, results from mutations in the PAX6 gene, which encodes paired box and homeobox motifs. In this report we describe five new mutations in the paired box region of the human PAX6 gene that are associated with aniridia. The paired box mutations that we detected were in both familial (three) and sporadic (two) cases. All five mutations predict truncated PAX6 proteins. Our study indicates that early premature translational termination mutations in the PAX6 gene result in haploinsufficiency and generate the aniridia phenotype.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||American Journal of Human Genetics|
|State||Published - 1994|
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