Paecilomycosis in dogs and horses and a review of the literature

Janet E Foley, Carol R. Norris, Spencer S. Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

We reviewed 14 cases of paecilomycosis in a tertiary care veterinary hospital and all reports of the disease in the veterinary literature. Paecilomycosis is a rare disease primarily of dogs, horses, reptiles, and humans. Clinical manifestations in veterinary patients vary but include disseminated disease and diskospondylitis, particularly in dogs; pneumonia in dogs, horses, and reptiles; keratitis in horses; and miscellaneous local infections. It is important to have an appropriate index of suspicion because the diagnosis can be difficult, particularly in localized disease where it is difficult to determine whether a positive culture represents an etiology or a contamination with an environmental saprophyte. Spinal radiographs, transtracheal washes, histopathology, and fungal culture have proven to be valuable diagnostic tools. The prognosis for paecilomycosis is poor, although some treatment success has been reported, and success rates could improve if additional information were available regarding fungal species occurring in veterinary patients and drugs to which these fungi are susceptible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-243
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Volume16
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2002

Keywords

  • Diskospondylitis
  • Mycotic keratitis
  • Mycotic pneumonia
  • Paecilomyces species
  • Systemic mycosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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