P73 Expression Is Regulated by RNPC1, a Target of the p53 Family, via mrna Stability

Wensheng Yan, Jin Zhang, Yanhong Zhang, Yong Sam Jung, Xinbin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

p73, a p53 family tumor suppressor, is expressed as TA and ΔN isoforms. Due to the role of p73 in tumor suppression and neural development, its expression and activity are tightly regulated by multiple mechanisms, including transcription and posttranslational modifications. Here, we found that p73 mRNA stability is regulated by RNPC1, an RNA binding protein and a target of the p53 family. We also showed that a CU-rich element in the 3= untranslated region of p73 is recognized by and responsive to RNPC1. To explore the physiological significance of RNPC1-regulated p73 expression, we showed that the loss of RNPC1 in p53-null mouse embryonic fibroblasts leads to reduced expression of p73, along with decreased expression of p21, p130, and γ-H2A.X, and consequently a decreased number of senescent cells. Furthermore, we observed that knockdown of TAp73 or p21, another target of RNPC1, attenuates the inhibitory effect of RNPC1 on cell proliferation and premature senescence, whereas combined knockdown of TAp73 and p21 completely abolishes it. Due to the fact that RNPC1 is a target of p73, the mutual regulation between p73 and RNPC1 constitutes a novel feed-forward loop, which might be explored as a target for tumors without a functional p53.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2336-2348
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume32
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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