p53 deficiency and misexpression of protein kinase CK2α collaborate in the development of thymic lymphomas in mice

Esther Landesman-Bollag, Padma L. Channavajhala, Robert Cardiff, David C. Seldin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

137 Scopus citations

Abstract

Protein kinase CK2 (casein kinase II) is a serine-threonine protein kinase with many substrates, some of which are involved in cell cycle regulation. CK2 activity is elevated in human solid tumors and leukemia, and dysregulated expression of CK2 induces lymphoma in transgenic mice. Mice that are deficient in p53 also develop lymphomas, and p53 activity may be regulated by CK2 phosphorylation. Here we demonstrate that CK2α transgenic mice partially or completely deficient in p53 develop thymic lymphomas at a markedly accelerated rate when compared to p53-deficient mice lacking the transgene. Lymphomas originating from CK2α transgenic mice that are heterozygous for p53 generally lose the wild type p53 allele, indicating that loss of p53 is an important step in tumor progression. Moreover, though lymphomas occur as early as 3 weeks of age in the transgenic mice that are nullizygous for p53, they are still monoclonal, indicating that additional stochastic mutations are required for their development. These lymphomas express high levels of myc mRNA and frequently ectopically express Lmo-2, a transcription factor involved in human T cell acute lymphocytic leukemia. The p53-null CK2α transgenic lymphomas grow rapidly but are highly prone to apoptosis, suggesting that transformation occurs through synergistic dysregulation of cell cycle control induced by misexpression of CK2 and loss of function of p53.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2965-2974
Number of pages10
JournalOncogene
Volume16
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 11 1998

Keywords

  • Casein kinase II
  • Lymphoma
  • Oncogene
  • p53
  • Protein kinase
  • Transgenic mice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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