P26-based serodiagnosis for Bartonella spp. infection in cats

Jonathan A. Werner, Sunlian Feng, Bruno B Chomel, Emir Hodzic, Rickie W. Kasten, Stephen W Barthold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bartonella henselae P26 has been identified as an immunodominant antigen expressed during feline infection. We used antisera from cats experimentally infected with B. henselae (n = 6), B. clarridgeiae (n = 4), or B. koehlerae (n = 2) and from a sample of naturally infected cats (B. henselae, n = 34; B. clarridgeiae, n = 1) to evaluate recombinant P26 (rP26) as a serodiagnostic antigen. Immunoblots using antisera from cats infected with B. henselae and B. clarridgeiae reacted strongly with rP26, whereas B. koehlerae antisera did not. A capture ELISA was designed to evaluate the kinetics of rP26 IgG in sera from experimentally infected cats. For B. henselae and B. clarridgeiae antisera, the kinetic profiles of reactivity were similar for rP26 capture ELISA and Bartonella spp. indirect fluorescence assay. However, for B. koehlerae antisera, reactivity in rP26 capture ELISA was consistently low. The serodiagnostic potential of rP26 capture ELISA was evaluated using sera from cats with known Bartonella sp. exposure histories. All 24 (100%) uninfected cats were seronegative, and 33 of 35 (94.3%) cats bacteremic for Bartonella spp. were seropositive. We propose that rP26-based serology can serve as a useful adjunct tool for the diagnosis of feline infection with B. henselae and B. clarridgeiae, but it may not be useful for feline infection with B. koehlerae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-380
Number of pages6
JournalComparative Medicine
Volume58
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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