Extrapolation to humans from rodent ozone exposure is limited by the anatomic differences between the species. Ferrets have similar pulmonary structures to humans, with well developed respiratory bronchioles and submucosal glands. We exposed adult ferrets, monkeys, and rats to 1 ppm ozone (O3) or filtered air for 8 h followed by 1 h in filtered air. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) analysis, histopathology, and confocal microscopy were used to evaluate ozone-induced epithelial injury and inflammation. BAL showed significantly increased numbers of neutrophils in ozone-exposed as compared with filtered air ferrets, monkeys, and rats. However, there were 3- to 4-fold more neutrophils in monkeys and ferrets per milliliter of BAL than in rats. Ozone-exposed lungs showed a severe, acute infiltration of neutrophils in regions with necrotic epithelial cells, especially in the centriacinar region that was more severe in ferrets and monkeys than rats. We conclude that acute ozone exposure in ferrets induce severe epithelial necrosis and inflammation, results in similar epithelial injury compared with monkeys, and represents a better model of humans than rodents.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine|
|Issue number||3 I|
|State||Published - 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine