Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein Is Present in Astrocytes Surrounding Cerebral Infarcts and Stimulates Astrocyte Interleukin-6 Secretion

Feng Shiun Shie, M. Diana Neely, Izumi Maezawa, Hope Wu, Sandy J. Olson, Günther Jürgens, Kathleen S. Montine, Thomas J. Montine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ischemic injury to brain is associated with both disruption of the blood-brain barrier and increased oxidative stress. Given the neurotoxicity associated with exposure to oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) in vitro, we tested the hypothesis that oxLDL may be present in parenchymal cells of cerebrum after infarction and that oxLDL may influence the pathophysiology of cerebral infarction. Our results showed that the subacute phase of cerebral infarction in patients was characterized by the appearance of oxLDL epitopes in astrocytes, but not neurons or microglia, in the perinecrotic zone. We further demonstrated that minimally oxLDL was most effectively internalized by primary cultures of rat astrocytes, and that exposure to minimal oxLDL stimulated astrocyte interleukin-6 secretion but did not alter nitric oxide production. These results demonstrate for the first time that oxLDL is present in brain parenchyma of patients with ischemic infarction and suggest a potential mechanism by which oxLDL may activate innate immunity and thereby indirectly influence neuronal survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1173-1181
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume164
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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    Shie, F. S., Neely, M. D., Maezawa, I., Wu, H., Olson, S. J., Jürgens, G., Montine, K. S., & Montine, T. J. (2004). Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein Is Present in Astrocytes Surrounding Cerebral Infarcts and Stimulates Astrocyte Interleukin-6 Secretion. American Journal of Pathology, 164(4), 1173-1181.