Oxidized LDL and antioxidants

I. Jialal, C. J. Fuller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several studies have shown that the oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) may promote fatty-streak formation, the early lesion of atherosclerosis. Epidemiologic data suggest that decreased levels of micronutrient antioxidants are associated with an increased frequency of cardiovascular disease. Micronutrients that can act as antioxidants-ascorbic acid, α-tocopherol, and β-carotene-have been shown to prevent LDL oxidation in vitro and retard the progression of atherosclerosis in animal models. In addition, supplementation of human subjects with these compounds have been shown to increase the resistance of their LDL to oxidation without producing side effects. Thus, these antioxidant micronutrients have the potential to become an additional treatment modality in the therapeutic arsenal against atherosclerosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical Cardiology
Volume16
Issue number4 SUPPL.
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • alpha-tocopherol
  • ascorbic acid
  • atherosclerosis
  • beta-carotene
  • lipid peroxidation
  • low-density lipoprotein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Jialal, I., & Fuller, C. J. (1993). Oxidized LDL and antioxidants. Clinical Cardiology, 16(4 SUPPL.).