Overexpression of transforming growth factor-β1 in fetal monkey lung results in prenatal pulmonary fibrosis

Alice F Tarantal, H. Chen, T. T. Shi, C. H. Lu, A. B. Fang, S. Buckley, M. Kolb, J. Gauldie, D. Warburton, W. Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Altered transforming growth factor (TGF)-β expression levels have been linked to a variety of human respiratory diseases, including bronchopulmonary dysplasia and pulmonary fibrosis. However, a causative role for aberrant TGF-β in neonatal lung diseases has not been defined in primates. Exogenous and transient TGF-β1 overexpression in fetal monkey lung was achieved by transabdominal ultrasound-guided fetal intrapulmonary injection of adenoviral vector expressing TGF-β1 at the second or third trimester of pregnancy. The lungs were then harvested near term, and fixed for histology and immunohistochemistry. Lung hypoplasia was observed where TGF-β1 was overexpressed during the second trimester. The most clearly marked phenotype consisted of severe pulmonary and pleural fibrosis, which was independent of the gestational time point when TGF-β1 was overexpressed. Increased cell proliferation, particularly in a-smooth muscle actin-positive myofibroblasts, was detected within the fibrotic foci. But epithelium to mesenchyme transdifferentiation was not detected. Massive collagen fibres were deposited on the inner and outer sides of the pleural membrane, with an intact elastin layer in the middle. This induced fibrotic pathology persisted even after adenoviralmediated TGF-β1 overexpression was no longer evident. Therefore, overexpression of TGF-β1 within developing fetal monkey lung results in severe and progressive fibrosis in lung parenchyma and pleural membrane, in addition to pulmonary hypoplasia. Copyright

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)907-914
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010

Fingerprint

Pulmonary Fibrosis
Transforming Growth Factors
Haplorhini
Lung
Second Pregnancy Trimester
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Membranes
Myofibroblasts
Elastin
Third Pregnancy Trimester
Mesoderm
Primates
Lung Diseases
Smooth Muscle
Actins
Histology
Fibrosis
Collagen
Epithelium

Keywords

  • Lung development
  • Pulmonary fibrosis
  • Transforming growth factor-β

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Overexpression of transforming growth factor-β1 in fetal monkey lung results in prenatal pulmonary fibrosis. / Tarantal, Alice F; Chen, H.; Shi, T. T.; Lu, C. H.; Fang, A. B.; Buckley, S.; Kolb, M.; Gauldie, J.; Warburton, D.; Shi, W.

In: European Respiratory Journal, Vol. 36, No. 4, 01.10.2010, p. 907-914.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tarantal, AF, Chen, H, Shi, TT, Lu, CH, Fang, AB, Buckley, S, Kolb, M, Gauldie, J, Warburton, D & Shi, W 2010, 'Overexpression of transforming growth factor-β1 in fetal monkey lung results in prenatal pulmonary fibrosis', European Respiratory Journal, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 907-914. https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00011810
Tarantal, Alice F ; Chen, H. ; Shi, T. T. ; Lu, C. H. ; Fang, A. B. ; Buckley, S. ; Kolb, M. ; Gauldie, J. ; Warburton, D. ; Shi, W. / Overexpression of transforming growth factor-β1 in fetal monkey lung results in prenatal pulmonary fibrosis. In: European Respiratory Journal. 2010 ; Vol. 36, No. 4. pp. 907-914.
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