Treatment of human bone marrow osteoprogenitors with osteogenin (BMP-3; at 1, 2.5 and 10 ng/ml) caused dose- and time-dependent inhibition of DNA synthesis and cell proliferation. Simultaneously, osteogenin stimulated type I collagen synthesis and cAMP production. Addition of osteogenin to the cell culture increased intracellular alkaline phosphatase activity and osteocalcin synthesis, with maximal stimulation at 2.5 ng/ml. Simultaneous addition of 2.5 ng/ml osteogenin and 1,25 dihydroxy vitamin D3 (10-8 M) enhanced the stimulation observed in osteocalcin synthesis. The experiments reported here demonstrate the significant 'in vitro' influence of osteogenin in the stimulation of osteogenic phenotype in osteoprogenitor cells which have been isolated from human bone marrow and cloned. These results support a reciprocal relationship between cell growth inhibition and expression of osteoblast differentiation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Developmental Biology
- Cell Biology