Osteochondral Defects of the Lateral Trochlear Ridge of the Distal Femur of the Horse Clinical, Radiographic, and Pathological Examination and Results of Surgical Treatment

John Pascoe, ROY R. POOL, JOHN D. WHEAT, TIMOTHY R. O'BRIEN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Osteochondral defects of the lateral trochlear ridge of the distal femur were identified in 15 joints of 10 horses. Lesions were bilateral in five horses and unilateral in five horses. Thirteen of these 15 defects were treated by curettage through a craniolateral femoropatellar arthrotomy. Subcutaneous seroma formation and partial skin dehiscence occurred in nine stifles. Lameness attributable to the stifle joint was no longer apparent at 6 and 12 months after surgery. The normal subchondral bony contour of the lateral trochlear ridge was altered in all joints after surgery. The subchondral bone was uniformly increased in density in all joints, and six lateral trochlear ridges had small focal radiolucent regions within the subchondral bone, which suggested that complete removal of the original lesion had not been achieved. Healing of the surgical site between 2 weeks and 14 months was evaluated in four joints. Granulation tissue from mesenchymal elements in subchondral marrow spaces gradually filled the defects with fibrocartilage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-110
Number of pages12
JournalVeterinary Surgery
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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