Preliminary studies demonstrated that the argasid tick, Ornithodoros coriaceus Koch, could become infected with bluetongue virus (BTV). Ticks became infected after feeding through artificial membranes on BTV-infected suspensions of cell cultures, chicken embryos, and sheep blood. Ticks also became infected after natural feeding on viremic sheep (BTV serotype 17) and cattle (BTV serotype 11). Virus was recovered from the hemolymph and salivary glands of ticks which had ingested BTV either through an artificial membrane or by natural feeding on a host animal. Ticks infected with BTV serotype 13 were capable of transmitting the virus to a susceptible cow at 42 days after ingestion of virus-infected cultures, thus demonstrating the potential of the tick to serve as a biological vector of BTV.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||American Journal of Veterinary Research|
|State||Published - May 1985|
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