Oral pharmacokinetics of fenbendazole in llamas, South American Camelids

Earnest Beier, Terry W Lehenbauer, Subbiah Sangiah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Llamas, South American Camelids are increasingly popular in the United States, as a source of fiber, livestock guard, and pack animals. Gastrointestinal parasites have been identified as a major health problem in all classes of livestock including llamas. Currently, there are no approved anthelmintics available for use in llamas. In this study, the pharmacokinetics of a single, oral administration of fenbendazole paste at a minimum target dose of 5 mg/kg, with an upper limit of <10 mg/kg, was evaluated in llamas. Plasma fenbendazole concentration time profiles were best described by a single compartment model. After oral administration of fenbendazole, T(max) and Cp(max) were 28.39±12.80 h, and 0.28±0.17 μg/ml, respectively. The T(1/2α) and T(1/2β) were 16.25±11.67 and 36.00±25.00 h, respectively. The apparent volume of distribution (V(d)) and the area under the curve (AUC) were 11.28±4.66 l/kg, and 22.52±8.67 μg h/ml, respectively. The results of this preliminary study indicate that when the paste formulation of fenbendazole is administered orally to llamas, its rate of absorption appears to be very similar to that of other ruminants including sheep, goats, and cattle as indicated by the time required to reach peak plasma concentrations. It was also found that the rate of elimination of fenbendazole was prolonged in llamas as compared to sheep, goats, and cattle. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-214
Number of pages6
JournalSmall Ruminant Research
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Fenbendazole
New World Camelids
Camelidae
fenbendazole
llamas
pharmacokinetics
mouth
Pharmacokinetics
Livestock
Ointments
Goats
oral administration
Oral Administration
Sheep
livestock
goats
sheep
Anthelmintics
cattle
Ruminants

Keywords

  • Camelids
  • Fenbendazole
  • Llamas
  • Oral pharmacokinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Oral pharmacokinetics of fenbendazole in llamas, South American Camelids. / Beier, Earnest; Lehenbauer, Terry W; Sangiah, Subbiah.

In: Small Ruminant Research, Vol. 37, No. 3, 08.2000, p. 209-214.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Beier, Earnest ; Lehenbauer, Terry W ; Sangiah, Subbiah. / Oral pharmacokinetics of fenbendazole in llamas, South American Camelids. In: Small Ruminant Research. 2000 ; Vol. 37, No. 3. pp. 209-214.
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