Oral candidiasis and angular cheilitis

Victoria Sharon, Nasim Fazel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Candidiasis, an often encountered oral disease, has been increasing in frequency. Most commonly caused by the overgrowth of Candida albicans, oral candidiasis can be divided into several categories including acute and chronic forms, and angular cheilitis. Risk factors for the development of oral candidiasis include immunosuppression, wearing of dentures, pharmacotherapeutics, smoking, infancy and old age, endocrine dysfunction, and decreased salivation. Oral candidiasis may be asymptomatic. More frequently, however, it is physically uncomfortable, and the patient may complain of burning mouth, dysgeusia, dysphagia, anorexia, and weight loss, leading to nutritional deficiency and impaired quality of life. A plethora of antifungal treatments are available. The overall prognosis of oral candidiasis is good, and rarely is the condition life threatening with invasive or recalcitrant disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-242
Number of pages13
JournalDermatologic Therapy
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Angular cheilitis
  • Angular cheilosis
  • Candidosis
  • Oral candidiasis
  • Thrush

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Medicine(all)

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