Abdominal radiologists perform a wide variety of image-guided interventions. Procedures performed by abdominal radiologists can be broadly categorized into paracentesis, thoracentesis, superficial and deep soft tissue biopsy, drain placement, and ablation. As these procedures continue to develop as an alternative to more invasive and potentially morbid interventions, and with continued improvements in minimally invasive technologies, it becomes increasingly important for abdominal radiologists to be familiar with options for peri-procedural analgesia and anxiolysis, as well as when to consult anesthesiology. In this review, we discuss analgesic, anxiolytic, and nonpharmacologic options available to the abdominal radiologist. We focus on practical agents that are relatively safe for general use, special populations, and considerations for post-procedural monitoring.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging