Establishing improved methods for the radiolabeling of peptides with fluorine-18 via solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) is desirable for the efficient synthesis of peptide-based molecular imaging agents. This work focuses on the development of a standardized platform to facilitate the reliable and efficient synthesis of high-purity fluorine-18 radiolabeled peptides for in vivo imaging with positron emission tomography (PET). Seven commercially available resins were selected for solid-phase radiolabeling of the model peptide VQAAIDYING with 4-[18F]fluorobenzoic acid ([18F]FBA). A wide range of radiochemical yields (18.8±1.5% to 41.2±5.3%) was obtained using standard conditions (coupling: 3eq amino acid, 3eq HATU, 6eq DIPEA, 1.5h, r.t.; cleavage: 94% TFA, 3h, r.t.). After modification of coupling reagents and employing heated reactions to 37°C, radiochemical yields were improved by as much as 35.3% over standard conditions. When the optimized conditions were applied to the synthesis of [18F]FBA-PEG28-A20FMDV2, which targets the αvΒ6 integrin in vivo, radiochemical yields improved by as much as 73.4% over those obtained using standard coupling and cleavage conditions. This platform can be utilized to improve the synthesis of peptide-based molecular probes for molecular imaging with PET.
- Positron emission tomography
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