Male Long-Evans rats were stereotaxically implanted bilaterally with bipolar electrodes in the central amygdala. Rats were then kindled once daily for 1 sec until 3 consecutive Stage V  kindled seizures were elicited. On the following day, animals were injected (IP) with either saline, naloxone (10 mg/kg), naltrexone (10 mg/kg) or morphine sulfate (10 mg/kg) and again stimulated parameters the kindling stimulation parameters. Saline injected animals continued to show long bilateral AD's and behaviors (i.e., forelimb clonus, rearing, falling) typical of Stage V kindled animals. In contrast, rats injected with naloxone or naltrexone showed reduced behavioral seizures. Potentiation of post-ictal spiking by morphine in amygdaloid-kindled rats was also observed supporting previous reports [7,21]. In a second experiment, the reduction of kindled seizure severity by naloxone was systematically replicated. It is concluded that opiates can significantly modify amygaloid-kindled seizures, and that brain endorphins may play a role in the development of maintenance of an amygdaloid-kindled seizure focus.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Behavioral Neuroscience