### Abstract

Numerical experiments have been performed to study the geometric collision rate of finite-size particles with zero inertia (i.e., fluid elements) in isotropic turbulence. The turbulent flow was generated by the pseudospectral method. We argue thai the formulation of Saffman and Turner [J. Fluid Mech. 1, 16 (1956)] for the average collision kernel is correct only under the assumptions that the particles are kept in the system after collision and allowed to overlap in space. This was confirmed, for the first time, by numerical experiments to within a numerical uncertainty as small as 1%. Finite corrections to the Saffman and Turner result must be made if one applies the theory to actual coagulation process where particles are not allowed to overlap before collision and particles are removed from a given size group after collision. This is due to the fact that Saffman and Turner assumed a uniform, time-independent concentration field in their formulation of the average collision kernel, while in the actual modeling of population evolution the particle number concentration changes in time and may be locally nonuniform as a result of a biased removal process due to spatially nonuniform coagulation rates. However, the quantitative level of the deviations from the Saffman and Turner result remain to be explained. Numerical experiments in simple shear flow were also conducted to elaborate our findings.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 266-276 |

Number of pages | 11 |

Journal | Physics of Fluids |

Volume | 10 |

Issue number | 1 |

State | Published - Jan 1998 |

Externally published | Yes |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
- Computational Mechanics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics

### Cite this

*Physics of Fluids*,

*10*(1), 266-276.

**On the collision rate of small particles in isotropic turbulence. I. Zero-inertia case.** / Wang, Lian Ping; Wexler, Anthony S.; Zhou, Yong.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Physics of Fluids*, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 266-276.

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - On the collision rate of small particles in isotropic turbulence. I. Zero-inertia case

AU - Wang, Lian Ping

AU - Wexler, Anthony S.

AU - Zhou, Yong

PY - 1998/1

Y1 - 1998/1

N2 - Numerical experiments have been performed to study the geometric collision rate of finite-size particles with zero inertia (i.e., fluid elements) in isotropic turbulence. The turbulent flow was generated by the pseudospectral method. We argue thai the formulation of Saffman and Turner [J. Fluid Mech. 1, 16 (1956)] for the average collision kernel is correct only under the assumptions that the particles are kept in the system after collision and allowed to overlap in space. This was confirmed, for the first time, by numerical experiments to within a numerical uncertainty as small as 1%. Finite corrections to the Saffman and Turner result must be made if one applies the theory to actual coagulation process where particles are not allowed to overlap before collision and particles are removed from a given size group after collision. This is due to the fact that Saffman and Turner assumed a uniform, time-independent concentration field in their formulation of the average collision kernel, while in the actual modeling of population evolution the particle number concentration changes in time and may be locally nonuniform as a result of a biased removal process due to spatially nonuniform coagulation rates. However, the quantitative level of the deviations from the Saffman and Turner result remain to be explained. Numerical experiments in simple shear flow were also conducted to elaborate our findings.

AB - Numerical experiments have been performed to study the geometric collision rate of finite-size particles with zero inertia (i.e., fluid elements) in isotropic turbulence. The turbulent flow was generated by the pseudospectral method. We argue thai the formulation of Saffman and Turner [J. Fluid Mech. 1, 16 (1956)] for the average collision kernel is correct only under the assumptions that the particles are kept in the system after collision and allowed to overlap in space. This was confirmed, for the first time, by numerical experiments to within a numerical uncertainty as small as 1%. Finite corrections to the Saffman and Turner result must be made if one applies the theory to actual coagulation process where particles are not allowed to overlap before collision and particles are removed from a given size group after collision. This is due to the fact that Saffman and Turner assumed a uniform, time-independent concentration field in their formulation of the average collision kernel, while in the actual modeling of population evolution the particle number concentration changes in time and may be locally nonuniform as a result of a biased removal process due to spatially nonuniform coagulation rates. However, the quantitative level of the deviations from the Saffman and Turner result remain to be explained. Numerical experiments in simple shear flow were also conducted to elaborate our findings.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031837943&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031837943&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0031837943

VL - 10

SP - 266

EP - 276

JO - Physics of Fluids

JF - Physics of Fluids

SN - 0031-9171

IS - 1

ER -