On the breeds of cattle-Historic and current classifications

European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Classification of cattle breeds contributes to our understanding of the history of cattle and is essential for an effective conservation of genetic diversity. Here we review the various classifications over the last two centuries and compare the most recent classifications with genetic data. The classifications devised during the 19th to the late 20th century were in line with the Linnaean taxonomy and emphasized cranial or horn morphology. Subsequent classifications were based on coat color, geographic origin or molecular markers. Several theories were developed that linked breed characteristics either to a supposed ancestral aurochs subspecies or to a presumed ethnic origin. Most of the older classifications have now been discarded, but have introduced several Latin terms that are still in use. The most consistent classification was proposed in 1995 by Felius and emphasizes the geographic origin of breeds. This is largely in agreement with the breed clusters indicated by a biochemical and molecular genetic analysis, which reflect either groups of breeds with a common geographic origin or single breeds that have expanded by export and/or crossbreeding. We propose that this information is also relevant for managing the genetic diversity of cattle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)660-692
Number of pages33
JournalDiversity
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Fingerprint

cattle breeds
cattle
taxonomy
breeds
provenance
molecular genetics
Molecular Biology
Genetic Hybridization
genetic analysis
genetic variation
subspecies
Horns
genetic techniques and protocols
Color
History
history
genetic markers
color

Keywords

  • Aurochs
  • Breeds
  • Cattle
  • Classification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Ecological Modeling
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium (2011). On the breeds of cattle-Historic and current classifications. Diversity, 3(4), 660-692. https://doi.org/10.3390/d3040660

On the breeds of cattle-Historic and current classifications. / European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium.

In: Diversity, Vol. 3, No. 4, 01.12.2011, p. 660-692.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium 2011, 'On the breeds of cattle-Historic and current classifications', Diversity, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 660-692. https://doi.org/10.3390/d3040660
European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium. On the breeds of cattle-Historic and current classifications. Diversity. 2011 Dec 1;3(4):660-692. https://doi.org/10.3390/d3040660
European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium. / On the breeds of cattle-Historic and current classifications. In: Diversity. 2011 ; Vol. 3, No. 4. pp. 660-692.
@article{70448376a3ee492aa42656e5887ee0ec,
title = "On the breeds of cattle-Historic and current classifications",
abstract = "Classification of cattle breeds contributes to our understanding of the history of cattle and is essential for an effective conservation of genetic diversity. Here we review the various classifications over the last two centuries and compare the most recent classifications with genetic data. The classifications devised during the 19th to the late 20th century were in line with the Linnaean taxonomy and emphasized cranial or horn morphology. Subsequent classifications were based on coat color, geographic origin or molecular markers. Several theories were developed that linked breed characteristics either to a supposed ancestral aurochs subspecies or to a presumed ethnic origin. Most of the older classifications have now been discarded, but have introduced several Latin terms that are still in use. The most consistent classification was proposed in 1995 by Felius and emphasizes the geographic origin of breeds. This is largely in agreement with the breed clusters indicated by a biochemical and molecular genetic analysis, which reflect either groups of breeds with a common geographic origin or single breeds that have expanded by export and/or crossbreeding. We propose that this information is also relevant for managing the genetic diversity of cattle.",
keywords = "Aurochs, Breeds, Cattle, Classification",
author = "{European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium} and Marleen Felius and Koolmees, {Peter A.} and Bert Theunissen and Lenstra, {Johannes A.} and R. Baumung and S. Manatrinon and G. Mommens and Holm, {L. E.} and Withen, {K. B.} and Pedersen, {B. V.} and P. Gravlund and H. Viinalass and J. Kantanen and I. Tapio and Li, {M. H.} and K. Moazami-Goudarzi and M. Gautier and Denis Lalo{\~A}« and A. Oulmouden and H. Lev{\~A}{\circledC}ziel and P. Taberlet and B. Harlizius and H. Simianer and H. T{\~A}¤ubert and G. Erhardt and O. Jann and C. Weimann and Prinzenberg, {E. M.} and I. Medugorac and A. Medugorac and M. F{\~A}¶rster and Mix, {H. M.} and C. Looft and E. Kalm and Bradley, {D. G.} and Edwards, {C. J.} and Machugh, {D. E.} and Freeman, {A. R.} and {Ajmone Marsan}, P. and R. Negrini and M. Longeri and G. Ceriotti and M. Zanotti and D. Marletta and A. Criscione and A. Valentini and C. Marchitelli and L. Pariset and Savarese, {M. C.} and Penedo, {M. C.T.}",
year = "2011",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/d3040660",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "3",
pages = "660--692",
journal = "Diversity",
issn = "1424-2818",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - On the breeds of cattle-Historic and current classifications

AU - European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium

AU - Felius, Marleen

AU - Koolmees, Peter A.

AU - Theunissen, Bert

AU - Lenstra, Johannes A.

AU - Baumung, R.

AU - Manatrinon, S.

AU - Mommens, G.

AU - Holm, L. E.

AU - Withen, K. B.

AU - Pedersen, B. V.

AU - Gravlund, P.

AU - Viinalass, H.

AU - Kantanen, J.

AU - Tapio, I.

AU - Li, M. H.

AU - Moazami-Goudarzi, K.

AU - Gautier, M.

AU - Laloë, Denis

AU - Oulmouden, A.

AU - Levéziel, H.

AU - Taberlet, P.

AU - Harlizius, B.

AU - Simianer, H.

AU - Täubert, H.

AU - Erhardt, G.

AU - Jann, O.

AU - Weimann, C.

AU - Prinzenberg, E. M.

AU - Medugorac, I.

AU - Medugorac, A.

AU - Förster, M.

AU - Mix, H. M.

AU - Looft, C.

AU - Kalm, E.

AU - Bradley, D. G.

AU - Edwards, C. J.

AU - Machugh, D. E.

AU - Freeman, A. R.

AU - Ajmone Marsan, P.

AU - Negrini, R.

AU - Longeri, M.

AU - Ceriotti, G.

AU - Zanotti, M.

AU - Marletta, D.

AU - Criscione, A.

AU - Valentini, A.

AU - Marchitelli, C.

AU - Pariset, L.

AU - Savarese, M. C.

AU - Penedo, M. C.T.

PY - 2011/12/1

Y1 - 2011/12/1

N2 - Classification of cattle breeds contributes to our understanding of the history of cattle and is essential for an effective conservation of genetic diversity. Here we review the various classifications over the last two centuries and compare the most recent classifications with genetic data. The classifications devised during the 19th to the late 20th century were in line with the Linnaean taxonomy and emphasized cranial or horn morphology. Subsequent classifications were based on coat color, geographic origin or molecular markers. Several theories were developed that linked breed characteristics either to a supposed ancestral aurochs subspecies or to a presumed ethnic origin. Most of the older classifications have now been discarded, but have introduced several Latin terms that are still in use. The most consistent classification was proposed in 1995 by Felius and emphasizes the geographic origin of breeds. This is largely in agreement with the breed clusters indicated by a biochemical and molecular genetic analysis, which reflect either groups of breeds with a common geographic origin or single breeds that have expanded by export and/or crossbreeding. We propose that this information is also relevant for managing the genetic diversity of cattle.

AB - Classification of cattle breeds contributes to our understanding of the history of cattle and is essential for an effective conservation of genetic diversity. Here we review the various classifications over the last two centuries and compare the most recent classifications with genetic data. The classifications devised during the 19th to the late 20th century were in line with the Linnaean taxonomy and emphasized cranial or horn morphology. Subsequent classifications were based on coat color, geographic origin or molecular markers. Several theories were developed that linked breed characteristics either to a supposed ancestral aurochs subspecies or to a presumed ethnic origin. Most of the older classifications have now been discarded, but have introduced several Latin terms that are still in use. The most consistent classification was proposed in 1995 by Felius and emphasizes the geographic origin of breeds. This is largely in agreement with the breed clusters indicated by a biochemical and molecular genetic analysis, which reflect either groups of breeds with a common geographic origin or single breeds that have expanded by export and/or crossbreeding. We propose that this information is also relevant for managing the genetic diversity of cattle.

KW - Aurochs

KW - Breeds

KW - Cattle

KW - Classification

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84859322514&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84859322514&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/d3040660

DO - 10.3390/d3040660

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:84859322514

VL - 3

SP - 660

EP - 692

JO - Diversity

JF - Diversity

SN - 1424-2818

IS - 4

ER -