Ocular rosacea-a review

Ana Carolina Cabreira Vieira, Ana Luisa Höfling-Lima, Mark J Mannis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rosacea is a prevalent chronic cutaneous disorder with variable presentation and severity. Although considered a skin disease, rosacea may evolve the eyes in 58-72% of the patients, causing eyelid and ocular surface inflammation. About one third of the patients develop potentially sight-threatening corneal involvement. Untreated rosacea may cause varying degrees of ocular morbidity. The importance of early diagnosis and adequate treatment cannot be overemphasized. There is not yet a diagnostic test for rosacea. The diagnosis of ocular rosacea relies on observation of clinical features, which can be challenging in up to 90% of patients in whom accompanying roseatic skin changes may be subtle or inexistent. In this review, we describe the pathophysiologic mechanisms proposed in the literature, clinical features, diagnosis and management of ocular rosacea, as well as discuss the need for a diagnostic test for the disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-369
Number of pages7
JournalArquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Volume75
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012

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Keywords

  • Doxycycline
  • Eye diseases
  • Eye manifestations
  • Rosacea/diagnosis
  • Rosacea/drug therapy
  • Visual acuity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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