Occurrence of hemotropic mycoplasmas in non-human primates (Alouatta caraya, Sapajus nigritus and Callithrix jacchus) of southern Brazil

Michelle P. Cubilla, Leonilda C. Santos, Wanderlei de Moraes, Zalmir S. Cubas, Christian M. Leutenegger, Marko Estrada, Rafael F.C. Vieira, Maurilio J. Soares, Le Ann L. Lindsay, Jane E Sykes, Alexander W. Biondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hemoplasmas, the erythrocyte-associated mycoplasmas, have been detected in several primates, causing mostly subclinical infection. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hemoplasma infection in captive and free-ranging monkeys from southern Brazil, as well as factors and hematological abnormalities associated with infection. Blood samples from 40 non-human primates (NHP) were tested for hemoplasmas and coinfections. An overall of 10/40 (25.0%) NHP tested positive for hemoplasmas using PCR-based assays, including 9/14 (64.3%) black howler monkeys (Alouatta caraya) and 1/24 (4.2%) black-horned capuchin (Sapajus nigritus). Infection was not statistically associated with anemia, but wild-born monkeys and male black howler monkeys were more likely to be positive when compared with captive-born animals and female black howler monkeys, respectively. The sequences from the black howler monkey hemoplasma were similar (94% identity) to the squirrel monkey hemoplasma (“Candidatus Mycoplasma kahanei”) and were phylogenetically located in a different cluster when compared to the human hemoplasma (“Candidatus Mycoplasma haemohominis”).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-13
Number of pages8
JournalComparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Volume52
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Keywords

  • Hemoplasma
  • Monkey
  • Vector-borne disease
  • Wild mammal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • veterinary(all)
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Cubilla, M. P., Santos, L. C., de Moraes, W., Cubas, Z. S., Leutenegger, C. M., Estrada, M., Vieira, R. F. C., Soares, M. J., Lindsay, L. A. L., Sykes, J. E., & Biondo, A. W. (2017). Occurrence of hemotropic mycoplasmas in non-human primates (Alouatta caraya, Sapajus nigritus and Callithrix jacchus) of southern Brazil. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 52, 6-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cimid.2017.05.002