Occupational exposure to particulate matter from three agricultural crops in California

Rebecca E. Moran, Deborah H Bennett, John Garcia, Marc B Schenker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Agricultural work is a major contributor to California's and the nation's economy and employs a large number of workers. However, agricultural work can have numerous risks, such as exposure to elevated levels of particulate matter (PM) and other airborne pollutants with potential adverse health effects. To determine the magnitude of occupational exposures, PM levels were assessed for 89 workers from three major crops in California; almonds, melons and tomatoes. Personal samples were collected for PM2.5 and inhalable PM using personal sampling equipment. Geometric mean concentrations from personal exposure for workers in almonds (inhalable PM=4368μg/m3, PM2.5=122μg/m3, N=5), tomatoes (inhalable PM=1410μg/m3, PM2.5=12μg/m3, N=33), and melons (inhalable PM=1118μg/m3, PM2.5=19μg/m3, N=51) showed high PM exposure when working with these three crops. Large exposure differences by crop were more common than by task (i.e. harvesting, packing and weeding) among the three crops studied. This is the largest study of agricultural workers engaged in hand harvesting, a significant employer of farm labor, and relatively high levels of exposure to PM were measured.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)226-230
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Volume217
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

Fingerprint

Agricultural Crops
Particulate Matter
Occupational Exposure
Cucurbitaceae
Lycopersicon esculentum
Hand
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • Agriculture
  • Inhalable PM
  • Migrant workers
  • Occupational exposure
  • PM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Occupational exposure to particulate matter from three agricultural crops in California. / Moran, Rebecca E.; Bennett, Deborah H; Garcia, John; Schenker, Marc B.

In: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, Vol. 217, No. 2-3, 03.2014, p. 226-230.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{09a726b4697846fbb7cc78f8e67db8ee,
title = "Occupational exposure to particulate matter from three agricultural crops in California",
abstract = "Agricultural work is a major contributor to California's and the nation's economy and employs a large number of workers. However, agricultural work can have numerous risks, such as exposure to elevated levels of particulate matter (PM) and other airborne pollutants with potential adverse health effects. To determine the magnitude of occupational exposures, PM levels were assessed for 89 workers from three major crops in California; almonds, melons and tomatoes. Personal samples were collected for PM2.5 and inhalable PM using personal sampling equipment. Geometric mean concentrations from personal exposure for workers in almonds (inhalable PM=4368μg/m3, PM2.5=122μg/m3, N=5), tomatoes (inhalable PM=1410μg/m3, PM2.5=12μg/m3, N=33), and melons (inhalable PM=1118μg/m3, PM2.5=19μg/m3, N=51) showed high PM exposure when working with these three crops. Large exposure differences by crop were more common than by task (i.e. harvesting, packing and weeding) among the three crops studied. This is the largest study of agricultural workers engaged in hand harvesting, a significant employer of farm labor, and relatively high levels of exposure to PM were measured.",
keywords = "Agriculture, Inhalable PM, Migrant workers, Occupational exposure, PM",
author = "Moran, {Rebecca E.} and Bennett, {Deborah H} and John Garcia and Schenker, {Marc B}",
year = "2014",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijheh.2013.05.002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "217",
pages = "226--230",
journal = "International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health",
issn = "1438-4639",
publisher = "Urban und Fischer Verlag Jena",
number = "2-3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Occupational exposure to particulate matter from three agricultural crops in California

AU - Moran, Rebecca E.

AU - Bennett, Deborah H

AU - Garcia, John

AU - Schenker, Marc B

PY - 2014/3

Y1 - 2014/3

N2 - Agricultural work is a major contributor to California's and the nation's economy and employs a large number of workers. However, agricultural work can have numerous risks, such as exposure to elevated levels of particulate matter (PM) and other airborne pollutants with potential adverse health effects. To determine the magnitude of occupational exposures, PM levels were assessed for 89 workers from three major crops in California; almonds, melons and tomatoes. Personal samples were collected for PM2.5 and inhalable PM using personal sampling equipment. Geometric mean concentrations from personal exposure for workers in almonds (inhalable PM=4368μg/m3, PM2.5=122μg/m3, N=5), tomatoes (inhalable PM=1410μg/m3, PM2.5=12μg/m3, N=33), and melons (inhalable PM=1118μg/m3, PM2.5=19μg/m3, N=51) showed high PM exposure when working with these three crops. Large exposure differences by crop were more common than by task (i.e. harvesting, packing and weeding) among the three crops studied. This is the largest study of agricultural workers engaged in hand harvesting, a significant employer of farm labor, and relatively high levels of exposure to PM were measured.

AB - Agricultural work is a major contributor to California's and the nation's economy and employs a large number of workers. However, agricultural work can have numerous risks, such as exposure to elevated levels of particulate matter (PM) and other airborne pollutants with potential adverse health effects. To determine the magnitude of occupational exposures, PM levels were assessed for 89 workers from three major crops in California; almonds, melons and tomatoes. Personal samples were collected for PM2.5 and inhalable PM using personal sampling equipment. Geometric mean concentrations from personal exposure for workers in almonds (inhalable PM=4368μg/m3, PM2.5=122μg/m3, N=5), tomatoes (inhalable PM=1410μg/m3, PM2.5=12μg/m3, N=33), and melons (inhalable PM=1118μg/m3, PM2.5=19μg/m3, N=51) showed high PM exposure when working with these three crops. Large exposure differences by crop were more common than by task (i.e. harvesting, packing and weeding) among the three crops studied. This is the largest study of agricultural workers engaged in hand harvesting, a significant employer of farm labor, and relatively high levels of exposure to PM were measured.

KW - Agriculture

KW - Inhalable PM

KW - Migrant workers

KW - Occupational exposure

KW - PM

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84892677874&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84892677874&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijheh.2013.05.002

DO - 10.1016/j.ijheh.2013.05.002

M3 - Article

VL - 217

SP - 226

EP - 230

JO - International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health

JF - International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health

SN - 1438-4639

IS - 2-3

ER -