Occupational burnout and depression among paediatric dentists in the United States

Leena Chohan, Carolyn S. Dewa, Wafa El-Badrawy, S. M.Hashim Nainar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background: Paediatric dentists in the United States may be at greater risk for occupational burnout and/or depression because of chronic stress associated with provision of paediatric dental care and increasing prevalence of females in the workforce. Aims: To determine the prevalence of occupational burnout and/or depression among US paediatric dentists. Design: A self-administered online anonymous survey was sent to members of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (n = 4735). The questionnaire consisted of seven demographic items, 22 items of Maslach Burnout Inventory (Three subscales: Emotional exhaustion, Depersonalization, and Personal accomplishment), and eight items of Patient Health Questionnaire-8. Results: The survey had a response rate of 11.4% (females = 53%). Twenty-three per cent of respondents had high emotional exhaustion while fewer respondents had high depersonalization (12%) or low personal accomplishment (10%). Nine per cent fulfilled the study's definition of occupational burnout (high emotional exhaustion + high depersonalization). Seven per cent of respondents had moderate-to-severe depression and showed significant correlations (P <.05) with high emotional exhaustion, high depersonalization and low personal accomplishment. Two out of five respondents with occupational burnout also had moderate-to-severe depression. There were no gender differences in prevalence of burnout or depression. Conclusions: Few paediatric dentists had occupational burnout and/or depression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020


  • depression
  • occupational burnout
  • paediatric dentists
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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