Obstructive urolithiasis in ruminants: Surgical management and prevention

David C. Van Metre, John K. House, Bradford Smith, Mark Thurmond, Lisle W. George, Stephen M. Angelos, John A Angelos, Gilles Fecteau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In addition to surgical procedures of the urethra, cystotomy and tube cystostomy are effective methods for treatment of obstructive urolithiasis in ruminants. These two procedures preserve the animal's ability to breed and allow for removal of cystic calculi. Regardless of the surgical procedure performed, urethral obstruction may recur after surgery. Once a diagnosis of urolithiasis is made, other intact or castrated males in the herd or flock are assumed to be at risk for this disease, owing to the central roles of diet and environment in its pathogenesis. Mineral analysis of calculi and evaluation of the ration are necessary to determine potential causative dietary factors. Dietary modification, salt supplementation, and improved water management are important preventive measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCompendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian
Volume18
Issue numberSUPPL. 10
StatePublished - Oct 1996

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Urolithiasis
Ruminants
ruminants
calculi
surgery
Calculi
management
urethra
Cystotomy
Urethral Obstruction
Cystostomy
Diet Therapy
diet
water management
preserves
flocks
Urethra
pathogenesis
animal
herds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Obstructive urolithiasis in ruminants : Surgical management and prevention. / Van Metre, David C.; House, John K.; Smith, Bradford; Thurmond, Mark; George, Lisle W.; Angelos, Stephen M.; Angelos, John A; Fecteau, Gilles.

In: Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian, Vol. 18, No. SUPPL. 10, 10.1996.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Van Metre, David C. ; House, John K. ; Smith, Bradford ; Thurmond, Mark ; George, Lisle W. ; Angelos, Stephen M. ; Angelos, John A ; Fecteau, Gilles. / Obstructive urolithiasis in ruminants : Surgical management and prevention. In: Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian. 1996 ; Vol. 18, No. SUPPL. 10.
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