Objective sleep measurement in typically and atypically developing preschool children with ADHD-like profiles.

Beth L. Goodlin-Jones, Sara Waters, Thomas F. Anders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between preschool children's sleep patterns measured by actigraphy and parent-reported hyperactivity symptoms. Many previous studies have reported sleep problems in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-like symptoms. METHODS: This study examined a cross-sectional sample of 186 preschoolers age 2-5 years in three groups: children with autism, children with developmental delay without autism, and typically developing children recruited from the general population. One week of actigraphic sleep data plus a parent report of the presence or absence of a current sleep problem were collected. Parents completed the child behavior checklist; a subset of children in preschool had teachers who completed the caregiver-teacher report form. Sleep behavior was compared for those children with and without clinical levels of attention-deficit/hyperactivity symptoms (T scores > or = 65). RESULTS: The prevalence of a parent-defined sleep problem across the entire sample was 36.1%. Thirty-four percent of the sample had a parent-reported ADHD composite in the clinical range. Those children with a clinical ADHD profile were more likely to be described by parents as having a sleep problem. However, no significant differences in actigraphic sleep patterns or night-to-night sleep-wake variability were found for children with an ADHD profile in the clinical range. CONCLUSIONS: In this non-clinical sample of preschool age children, parental reports of clinical ADHD profiles were significantly associated with parental reports of sleep problems but not with actigraphically recorded sleep-wake data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-268
Number of pages12
JournalChild Psychiatry and Human Development
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2009

Fingerprint

Preschool Children
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Sleep
Parents
Autistic Disorder
Actigraphy
Child Behavior
Checklist
Caregivers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Objective sleep measurement in typically and atypically developing preschool children with ADHD-like profiles. / Goodlin-Jones, Beth L.; Waters, Sara; Anders, Thomas F.

In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, Vol. 40, No. 2, 06.2009, p. 257-268.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Goodlin-Jones, Beth L. ; Waters, Sara ; Anders, Thomas F. / Objective sleep measurement in typically and atypically developing preschool children with ADHD-like profiles. In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 2009 ; Vol. 40, No. 2. pp. 257-268.
@article{2644897dc0c440d8b758aad6c878c5e5,
title = "Objective sleep measurement in typically and atypically developing preschool children with ADHD-like profiles.",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between preschool children's sleep patterns measured by actigraphy and parent-reported hyperactivity symptoms. Many previous studies have reported sleep problems in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-like symptoms. METHODS: This study examined a cross-sectional sample of 186 preschoolers age 2-5 years in three groups: children with autism, children with developmental delay without autism, and typically developing children recruited from the general population. One week of actigraphic sleep data plus a parent report of the presence or absence of a current sleep problem were collected. Parents completed the child behavior checklist; a subset of children in preschool had teachers who completed the caregiver-teacher report form. Sleep behavior was compared for those children with and without clinical levels of attention-deficit/hyperactivity symptoms (T scores > or = 65). RESULTS: The prevalence of a parent-defined sleep problem across the entire sample was 36.1{\%}. Thirty-four percent of the sample had a parent-reported ADHD composite in the clinical range. Those children with a clinical ADHD profile were more likely to be described by parents as having a sleep problem. However, no significant differences in actigraphic sleep patterns or night-to-night sleep-wake variability were found for children with an ADHD profile in the clinical range. CONCLUSIONS: In this non-clinical sample of preschool age children, parental reports of clinical ADHD profiles were significantly associated with parental reports of sleep problems but not with actigraphically recorded sleep-wake data.",
author = "Goodlin-Jones, {Beth L.} and Sara Waters and Anders, {Thomas F.}",
year = "2009",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s10578-009-0124-2",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "40",
pages = "257--268",
journal = "Child Psychiatry and Human Development",
issn = "0009-398X",
publisher = "Kluwer Academic/Human Sciences Press Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Objective sleep measurement in typically and atypically developing preschool children with ADHD-like profiles.

AU - Goodlin-Jones, Beth L.

AU - Waters, Sara

AU - Anders, Thomas F.

PY - 2009/6

Y1 - 2009/6

N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between preschool children's sleep patterns measured by actigraphy and parent-reported hyperactivity symptoms. Many previous studies have reported sleep problems in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-like symptoms. METHODS: This study examined a cross-sectional sample of 186 preschoolers age 2-5 years in three groups: children with autism, children with developmental delay without autism, and typically developing children recruited from the general population. One week of actigraphic sleep data plus a parent report of the presence or absence of a current sleep problem were collected. Parents completed the child behavior checklist; a subset of children in preschool had teachers who completed the caregiver-teacher report form. Sleep behavior was compared for those children with and without clinical levels of attention-deficit/hyperactivity symptoms (T scores > or = 65). RESULTS: The prevalence of a parent-defined sleep problem across the entire sample was 36.1%. Thirty-four percent of the sample had a parent-reported ADHD composite in the clinical range. Those children with a clinical ADHD profile were more likely to be described by parents as having a sleep problem. However, no significant differences in actigraphic sleep patterns or night-to-night sleep-wake variability were found for children with an ADHD profile in the clinical range. CONCLUSIONS: In this non-clinical sample of preschool age children, parental reports of clinical ADHD profiles were significantly associated with parental reports of sleep problems but not with actigraphically recorded sleep-wake data.

AB - OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between preschool children's sleep patterns measured by actigraphy and parent-reported hyperactivity symptoms. Many previous studies have reported sleep problems in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-like symptoms. METHODS: This study examined a cross-sectional sample of 186 preschoolers age 2-5 years in three groups: children with autism, children with developmental delay without autism, and typically developing children recruited from the general population. One week of actigraphic sleep data plus a parent report of the presence or absence of a current sleep problem were collected. Parents completed the child behavior checklist; a subset of children in preschool had teachers who completed the caregiver-teacher report form. Sleep behavior was compared for those children with and without clinical levels of attention-deficit/hyperactivity symptoms (T scores > or = 65). RESULTS: The prevalence of a parent-defined sleep problem across the entire sample was 36.1%. Thirty-four percent of the sample had a parent-reported ADHD composite in the clinical range. Those children with a clinical ADHD profile were more likely to be described by parents as having a sleep problem. However, no significant differences in actigraphic sleep patterns or night-to-night sleep-wake variability were found for children with an ADHD profile in the clinical range. CONCLUSIONS: In this non-clinical sample of preschool age children, parental reports of clinical ADHD profiles were significantly associated with parental reports of sleep problems but not with actigraphically recorded sleep-wake data.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=66149119400&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=66149119400&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10578-009-0124-2

DO - 10.1007/s10578-009-0124-2

M3 - Article

C2 - 19142725

AN - SCOPUS:66149119400

VL - 40

SP - 257

EP - 268

JO - Child Psychiatry and Human Development

JF - Child Psychiatry and Human Development

SN - 0009-398X

IS - 2

ER -