Obesity and the unbalanced energy equation: Exercise versus eating habit change

JoAnn Dahlkoetter, Edward J Callahan, John Linton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


Compared the relative effectiveness of exercise and eating habit change individually and in combination for weight loss and physical conditioning. 44 female volunteers aged 17-46 yrs were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups: exercise, eating habits, combination, and delay-of-treatment control. Each group met for 8 1-hr sessions. Ss were assessed at pretreatment, posttreatment, and follow-up using measures of weight, physical fitness, and personal adjustment. After the 1 8-wk period, the control group was treated using the same procedures as employed for the combination group. Results indicate significant improvement for all treatment groups in comparison with the delay-of-treatment control on body weight and most measures of physical fitness and personal adjustment. Groups who exercised showed the most improvement in physical fitness. The combination group demonstrated the most improvement in weight and body circumference. At 8-wk follow-up, only the combination group continued to lose weight. Once treated, the delay-of-treatment control group demonstrated results similar to those of the combination group. Results suggest the necessity of combining exercise and eating habit change in dealing with obesity. (24 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)898-905
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1979
Externally publishedYes


  • exercise &/vs eating habit change, weight loss &
  • personal adjustment, 17-46 yr old obese females
  • physical fitness &

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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