Nutritional Strategies in the Management of Adult Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Dietary Considerations from Active Disease to Disease Remission

Douglas L. Nguyen, Berkeley Limketkai, Valentina Medici, Mardeli Saire Mendoza, Lena Palmer, Matthew Bechtold

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic, lifelong, and relapsing illnesses, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, which involve the gastrointestinal tract. There is no cure for these diseases, but combined pharmacological and nutritional therapy can induce remission and maintain clinical remission. Malnutrition and nutritional deficiencies among IBD patients result in poor clinical outcomes such as growth failure, reduced response to pharmacotherapy, increased risk for sepsis, and mortality. The aim of this review is to highlight the consequences of malnutrition in the management of IBD and describe nutritional interventions to facilitate induction of remission as well as maintenance; we will also discuss alternative delivery methods to improve nutritional status preoperatively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number55
JournalCurrent Gastroenterology Reports
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • enteral nutrition
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • malnutrition
  • nutritional considerations
  • perioperative nutrition support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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