Nutritional management of immunocompromised patients: Emphasis on HIV and AIDS patients

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Nutritional status has a definite impact on immune system function. Thus, when considering the nutritional status of an immunocompromised patient, one of the physician’s primary concerns should be that the patient’s essential nutritional requirements are being met. This is true in cases where the immune system needs to be enhanced, as in HIV/AIDS, in patients undergoing radiation therapy, chemotherapy, severe burns, and in the aging patient, and also in situations where the immune system needs to be suppressed, as in transplant patients. By addressing the patient’s nutritional status, improvements can be made in the patient’s clinical health and well-being. The approach is a three-step process: treat the patient’s nutritional deficiencies, and underlying causes of deficiency if there are any, determine if the patient is at risk for infection and adjust intake to minimize risk, and, finally, treat the disease state with nutrients known to be effective in ameliorating the symptoms or cause of the disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNutritional Aspects and Clinical Management of Chronic Disorders and Diseases
PublisherCRC Press
Pages267-289
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9781420041286
ISBN (Print)9780849309458
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Richter, S. S., Teuber, S. S., & Gershwin, M. E. (2002). Nutritional management of immunocompromised patients: Emphasis on HIV and AIDS patients. In Nutritional Aspects and Clinical Management of Chronic Disorders and Diseases (pp. 267-289). CRC Press.