Nursing Documentation of Postoperative Pain Management: A Documentary Analysis

Noordeen Shoqirat, Deema Mahasneh, Latefa Dardas, Charleen Singh, Reham Khresheh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background: Although proper documentation of pain for postoperative patients is essential to promote patient health outcomes, there is limited examination of nurses' documentation of pain management. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to qualitatively analyze nursing documentation of pain management among postoperative patients in Jordan. Method: A documentary analysis method was used. A purposive sample of 80 medical records were reviewed, and a total of 720 nursing records were analyzed. Results: The analysis revealed that nurses' documentation of pain management was limited, vague, incomplete, and largely dependent on their subjective evaluation. Many of the documented goals were broad, not specific, not measurable, and with no time frame. Conclusions: Documentation patterns revealed a lack of proactive and systematic approach to pain assessment and management. Furthermore, there was little documented evidence of efforts to evaluate the effectiveness of pain management interventions. Findings have important implications for standardizing documentation of pain assessment, intervention, and evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-284
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nursing Care Quality
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019


  • documentary analysis
  • documentation
  • nursing
  • pain management
  • postoperative care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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