Patients with a pelvic ring injury and hemodynamic instability can be challenging to manage with high rates of morbidity and mortality rates. Protocol-based resuscitation strategies are critical to successfully manage these potentially severely injured patients in a well-coordinated manner. While some aspects of treatment may vary slightly from institution to institution, it is critical to identify pelvic injuries and their associated injuries expediently. The first step at the scene of injury or in the trauma resuscitation bay should be the immediate application of a circumferential pelvic sheet or binder, initiation of physiologically optimal fluid resuscitation in the form 1:1:1 (pRBC:FFP:platelets) or whole blood, and to consider TXA as a safe adjunct to treat coagulopathy. Providers should have a very low threshold for emergent operative intervention in the form of pelvic external fixation and/or pelvic packing. This occurs in addition to simultaneous interventions addressing the other possible sources of bleeding in patients demonstrating signs of hemorrhagic shock and failure to respond to early resuscitation and external pelvic tamponade. Finally, while arterial injury is only present in a small percentage of patients with a pelvic ring injury, percutaneous vascular intervention with selective angiography and REBOA have been shown to be efficacious for patients with clinical indicators of arterial injury or who remain hemodynamically unstable despite external pelvic tamponade and packing to address venous bleeding. They should be performed when as early as possible for patients in true extremis limit further hemorrhage and allow resuscitation efforts to continue.
- Hemodynamic instability
- Pelvic ring injury
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine