Analysis of the respiratory tract before and after primary influenza virus infection revealed a virus-induced preferential accumulation of a CD8+ T-cell population that coexpresses mRNA for interleukin-5 (IL-5) and IL-10 with virus dose-dependent high levels of gamma interferon. However, cytokine production in lung tissues was not restricted to the T-cell population, since CD3- cells were found to express mRNA for various cytokines, including IL-4 and particularly IL-6 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. These data provide in vivo evidence for a local respiratory tract immune response to influenza virus infection dominated by cytokine-producing CD8+ T cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Virology|
|State||Published - Nov 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas