Novel clonality assays for T cell lymphoma in cats targeting the T cell receptor beta, T cell receptor delta, and T cell receptor gamma loci

Araya Radtanakatikanon, Peter F Moore, Stefan M. Keller, William Vernau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: T cell clonality assays in veterinary medicine currently target only the T cell receptor gamma (TRG) locus. Existing assays have suboptimal sensitivity because of insufficient primer coverage of all possible rearrangements. Objective: Develop higher sensitivity clonality assays targeting the TRG, delta (TRD), and beta (TRB) loci in cats. Animals: Cats with histopathologically confirmed lymphoma (n = 89), non-lymphoma (n = 35), and possible hepatic small cell lymphoma (n = 31). Methods: Molecular clonality assay development utilizing our recently reported topology and expressed repertoire data of the T cell receptor loci in cats. Determination of clonality status of lymphoma, non lymphoma, and possible hepatic small cell lymphoma samples, and calculation of assay sensitivity and specificity. Results: The new multiplex TRG assay yielded the highest sensitivity (95.5%). All assays yielded 100% specificity except for the new multiplex TRG assay (97.3%). The combination of the new TRG and TRB assays yielded sensitivity of 98.9% and specificity of 97.0%. The new TRG assay detected clonality in 17/31 possible small cell lymphoma livers, whereas an existing TRG assay detected clonality in 6/31 livers. Conclusions and Clinical Importance: The assessment of multiple T cell loci compensates for the potential shortcomings of individual assays. Using a combination of molecular clonality assays will increase the overall sensitivity for the diagnosis of T-cell lymphoma in cats, especially intestinal, and hepatic small cell lymphoma. Hepatic small cell lymphomas detected by the new TRG assay utilized rarely expressed V and J genes not recognized by previous assays, likely indicating unique biology of hepatic small cell lymphoma in cats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2865-2875
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

Keywords

  • cat
  • clonality assay
  • hepatic small cell lymphoma
  • lymphoma
  • multiplex PCR
  • T cell receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Novel clonality assays for T cell lymphoma in cats targeting the T cell receptor beta, T cell receptor delta, and T cell receptor gamma loci'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this