Recombinant human α(s1)-casein expressed in Escherichia coli was purified and digested with trypsin in an attempt to find peptides with angiotensin-I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity. Three novel ACE inhibitory peptides, A-II. B-II and C, were isolated and their amino acid sequences identified as Tyr-Pro-Glu-Arg (residues 8-11), Tyr-Tyr-Pro-Gln-Ile-Met-Gln-Tyr (residues 136-143) and Asn-Asn-Val-Met-Leu-Gln-Trp (residues 164-170) respectively. ACE inhibitory activities were measured for the corresponding synthetic peptides, and the ACE IC50 (the amount of peptide causing 50% inhibition of ACE activity) values of A-II, B-II and C estimated to be 132.5, 24.8 and 41.0 μmol/l respectively. Peptides A-II and C were resistant to further digestion by pepsin, whereas peptide B-II was hydrolysed. All three peptides were resistant to digestion by chymotrypsin. These ACE inhibitory peptides may prove useful for oral administration in the treatment of hypertension.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Food Science